Chondrodesis of the wrist in children with severe paralytic hand deformities.Hand Surg Rehabil. 2020 09; 39(4):251-255.HS
We examined the anatomical and clinical results of a new wrist subphyseal arthrodesis method called chondrodesis, which relies on resorbable suture-bone fixation for children with severe paralytic hand deformities and does not require fixation devices or bone grafting. Four children's wrists underwent the procedure, resulting in three successful wrist bone fusions. The wrists were stabilized by joint fusion in 4-5 months in good positions, ranging from neutral to extension 15°, while still allowing the forearm to keep growing since the radial growth plate remained open as of the last follow-up. The procedure improved hand function (House score, Raimondi score) and appearance. It also increased control over gripping motions with the operated hand, and even restored key pinch ability in one of the patients. The youngest patient was not able to achieve bone fusion at the key sites and will need further corrective procedures at a later and more optimal age. This novel procedure is appealing because of its technical reproducibility, low cost, encouraging outcomes, ease of rehabilitation, and because it spares the physeal cartilage.