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Presence, distribution and risk assessment of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in suburban plastic film pepper-growing greenhouses with different service life.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020 Jun 15; 196:110551.EE

Abstract

The widespread usage of plastic film increased the content of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in the environment, causing PAE residue in vegetables and subsequently increasing health risks to humans when consuming them. In this work, the presence, distribution and risk assessment of 15 PAEs in soils and peppers from suburban plastic film pepper-growing greenhouses were investigated. The total PAE contents in soil and pepper samples ranged from 320.1 to 971.2 μg/kg (586.3 μg/kg on average) and from 196.6 to 304.2 μg/kg (245.4 μg/kg on average), respectively. Di (2-ethyl)hexyl, dibutyl and diisobutyl phthalates (DEHP, DnBP and DiBP, respectively) were the most abundant in both soil and pepper samples. Specifically, DEHP showed the highest content in soils, while the DnBP content was the highest in peppers. The total PAE content in soils from pepper-greenhouses was much lower than in the agricultural soils mulched with plastic films, but significantly higher than in the agricultural soils from open uncovered fields. The total PAE content in peppers decreased as the service life of plastic film greenhouses increased. Correlation analysis suggested that the difference in distribution and accumulation behaviors of individual PAEs in greenhouse systems was correlated with their physicochemical properties. The non-cancer and carcinogenic risks of priority PAEs show low risks of PAEs detected in pepper and soil samples from the suburban plastic film greenhouses to human health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Ministry of Science and Technology, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China; Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China.Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Ministry of Science and Technology, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China; Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China.Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Ministry of Science and Technology, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China; Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China.Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Ministry of Science and Technology, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China; Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China.Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Ministry of Science and Technology, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China; Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China.Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Ministry of Science and Technology, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China; Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 50 Zhongling Street, Nanjing, 210014, China. Electronic address: yuxy@jaas.ac.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32244120

Citation

Li, Yong, et al. "Presence, Distribution and Risk Assessment of Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) in Suburban Plastic Film Pepper-growing Greenhouses With Different Service Life." Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 196, 2020, p. 110551.
Li Y, Yan H, Li X, et al. Presence, distribution and risk assessment of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in suburban plastic film pepper-growing greenhouses with different service life. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020;196:110551.
Li, Y., Yan, H., Li, X., Ge, J., Cheng, J., & Yu, X. (2020). Presence, distribution and risk assessment of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in suburban plastic film pepper-growing greenhouses with different service life. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 196, 110551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2020.110551
Li Y, et al. Presence, Distribution and Risk Assessment of Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) in Suburban Plastic Film Pepper-growing Greenhouses With Different Service Life. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2020 Jun 15;196:110551. PubMed PMID: 32244120.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Presence, distribution and risk assessment of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in suburban plastic film pepper-growing greenhouses with different service life. AU - Li,Yong, AU - Yan,Huangqian, AU - Li,Xiaoqing, AU - Ge,Jing, AU - Cheng,Jinjin, AU - Yu,Xiangyang, Y1 - 2020/03/31/ PY - 2019/11/15/received PY - 2020/03/23/revised PY - 2020/03/26/accepted PY - 2020/4/4/pubmed PY - 2020/7/16/medline PY - 2020/4/4/entrez KW - Greenhouses KW - Pepper KW - Phthalic acid esters KW - Plastic film KW - Risk assessment SP - 110551 EP - 110551 JF - Ecotoxicology and environmental safety JO - Ecotoxicol Environ Saf VL - 196 N2 - The widespread usage of plastic film increased the content of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) in the environment, causing PAE residue in vegetables and subsequently increasing health risks to humans when consuming them. In this work, the presence, distribution and risk assessment of 15 PAEs in soils and peppers from suburban plastic film pepper-growing greenhouses were investigated. The total PAE contents in soil and pepper samples ranged from 320.1 to 971.2 μg/kg (586.3 μg/kg on average) and from 196.6 to 304.2 μg/kg (245.4 μg/kg on average), respectively. Di (2-ethyl)hexyl, dibutyl and diisobutyl phthalates (DEHP, DnBP and DiBP, respectively) were the most abundant in both soil and pepper samples. Specifically, DEHP showed the highest content in soils, while the DnBP content was the highest in peppers. The total PAE content in soils from pepper-greenhouses was much lower than in the agricultural soils mulched with plastic films, but significantly higher than in the agricultural soils from open uncovered fields. The total PAE content in peppers decreased as the service life of plastic film greenhouses increased. Correlation analysis suggested that the difference in distribution and accumulation behaviors of individual PAEs in greenhouse systems was correlated with their physicochemical properties. The non-cancer and carcinogenic risks of priority PAEs show low risks of PAEs detected in pepper and soil samples from the suburban plastic film greenhouses to human health. SN - 1090-2414 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32244120/Presence_distribution_and_risk_assessment_of_phthalic_acid_esters__PAEs__in_suburban_plastic_film_pepper_growing_greenhouses_with_different_service_life_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0147-6513(20)30390-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -