Incorporation of nanoencapsulated garlic essential oil into edible films: A novel approach for extending shelf life of vacuum-packed sausages.Meat Sci. 2020 Aug; 166:108135.MS
The efficacy of chitosan (CH) and whey protein (WP) films impregnated with garlic essential oil (GEO, 2% v/v) or nanoencapsulated GEO (NGEO, 2% v/v) to extend the shelf life of refrigerated vacuum-packed sausages were assessed and compared during 50 days. The primary evaluation of GEO and NGEO showed that GEO had a considerable amount of active compounds diallyl sulfide derivatives (~67%) and the mean size and zeta potential of NGEO were 101 nm and -7.27 mV, respectively. Based on the microbiological and lipid stability analysis of the sausages, all active films retarded lipid oxidation and the growth of main spoilage bacterial groups compared to the control, and CH film containing NGEO exhibited the best result with the peroxide value, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and aerobic plate count of 0.37 (meq/kg lipid), 0.47 (mg malondialdehyde/kg) and 3.69 (log CFU/g), respectively, on day 50. The nanoencapsulation of GEO made no significant differences in the sensory properties comparing to free-GEO samples (P < .05).