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Prevalence of Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Children of 6-59 Months in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
J Environ Public Health. 2020; 2020:9520973.JE

Abstract

Methods

The community-based cross sectional study was conducted in the Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Southern Ethiopia. The simple random sampling method was used to recruit 656 mother-child pairs. Height for age Z score was computed using WHO Anthro version 3.2.2 software. Multivariable logistic regression model was fitted, and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) at p value <0.05 was used to determine statistically significant association between predictors and outcome variable.

Result

The prevalence of stunting among children of 6-59 months in the study area was 47.9% (95% CI; 44.0-51.7). The likelihood of stunting was significantly higher among children who live in households with medium (AOR 2.20, 95% CI: 1.43-3.37) and poor (AOR 2.87, 95% CI: 1.72-4.81) wealth status. In addition, children who were not exclusively breast fed (AOR 1.55, 95% CI: 1.07-2.24), whose mothers had not participated in decision of major household purchases (AOR 2.27, 95% CI: 1.21-4.26), and whose mothers lacked decision on freedom of mobility (AOR 1.96, 95% CI: 1.05-3.66) were significantly stunted compared with counterparts.

Conclusion

Stunting is a severe public health problem in the area. Therefore, efforts should be taken to enhance maternal empowerment, household wealth, and infant and young child feeding practice for reducing stunting among children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Mizan Tepi University, Mizan Aman, Ethiopia.Department of Public Health, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.Department of Public Health, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32280353

Citation

Bogale, Biruk, et al. "Prevalence of Stunting and Its Associated Factors Among Children of 6-59 Months in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia: a Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study." Journal of Environmental and Public Health, vol. 2020, 2020, p. 9520973.
Bogale B, Gutema BT, Chisha Y. Prevalence of Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Children of 6-59 Months in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. J Environ Public Health. 2020;2020:9520973.
Bogale, B., Gutema, B. T., & Chisha, Y. (2020). Prevalence of Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Children of 6-59 Months in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2020, 9520973. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/9520973
Bogale B, Gutema BT, Chisha Y. Prevalence of Stunting and Its Associated Factors Among Children of 6-59 Months in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia: a Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. J Environ Public Health. 2020;2020:9520973. PubMed PMID: 32280353.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of Stunting and Its Associated Factors among Children of 6-59 Months in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. AU - Bogale,Biruk, AU - Gutema,Befikadu Tariku, AU - Chisha,Yilma, Y1 - 2020/03/21/ PY - 2019/12/02/received PY - 2020/01/28/revised PY - 2020/02/14/accepted PY - 2020/4/14/entrez PY - 2020/4/14/pubmed PY - 2020/11/12/medline SP - 9520973 EP - 9520973 JF - Journal of environmental and public health JO - J Environ Public Health VL - 2020 N2 - Methods: The community-based cross sectional study was conducted in the Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Southern Ethiopia. The simple random sampling method was used to recruit 656 mother-child pairs. Height for age Z score was computed using WHO Anthro version 3.2.2 software. Multivariable logistic regression model was fitted, and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) at p value <0.05 was used to determine statistically significant association between predictors and outcome variable. Result: The prevalence of stunting among children of 6-59 months in the study area was 47.9% (95% CI; 44.0-51.7). The likelihood of stunting was significantly higher among children who live in households with medium (AOR 2.20, 95% CI: 1.43-3.37) and poor (AOR 2.87, 95% CI: 1.72-4.81) wealth status. In addition, children who were not exclusively breast fed (AOR 1.55, 95% CI: 1.07-2.24), whose mothers had not participated in decision of major household purchases (AOR 2.27, 95% CI: 1.21-4.26), and whose mothers lacked decision on freedom of mobility (AOR 1.96, 95% CI: 1.05-3.66) were significantly stunted compared with counterparts. Conclusion: Stunting is a severe public health problem in the area. Therefore, efforts should be taken to enhance maternal empowerment, household wealth, and infant and young child feeding practice for reducing stunting among children. SN - 1687-9813 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32280353/Prevalence_of_Stunting_and_Its_Associated_Factors_among_Children_of_6_59_Months_in_Arba_Minch_Health_and_Demographic_Surveillance_Site__HDSS__Southern_Ethiopia:_A_Community_Based_Cross_Sectional_Study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -