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Hirudiniasis in Cattle in Mpwapwa District, Dodoma Region of Tanzania.
Case Rep Vet Med. 2020; 2020:3028345.CR

Abstract

Hirudiniasis is a condition caused by infestation by leeches. Despite the annoyance, clinical signs, and associated lesions caused by leeches in both humans and animals, the extent of the problem in Tanzania is not well elucidated. Individual animals and people become infested when they drink, bath, or walk through contaminated water sources. Leech infestations are more common in rural areas where water is scarce especially during the dry season. In this report, clinical cases of hirudiniasis in twenty-seven (27) cattle in Mpwapwa, Tanzania, are presented. The report further reviews the morphological features of leeches and creates awareness among the affected cattle farmers and the general public. A total of two hundred (200) live cattle were examined; out of these, 27 cattle had live leeches. There were, on average, 3-8 leeches per animal. Affected cattle had wounds on the gums, buccal mucosa, root of the tongue, and under the tongue with copious amounts of blood-stained frothy discharge. Further, the affected animals had respiratory distress and were rolling their tongues. The leeches were manually removed from all the affected cattle, with uneventful recovery. Laboratory examination revealed segmented, dorsal-ventral flattened, cylindrical parasites which had posterior and anterior suckers. The leech infestation was linked to drinking water from a pond which was suspected to be contaminated with "undescribed organisms" as indicated by the farmers. A follow-up was made and revealed no new cases and complete recovery of the affected animals. Hirudiniasis is one of the neglected diseases in humans and livestock and, therefore, requires integrated efforts especially in areas where water is scarce during the dry season. It is anticipated that this case report will stimulate interest and more studies in the subject matter to understand the extent of the problem and document the species and distribution of leeches in Tanzania.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 32379 Lusaka, Zambia. Livestock Training Agency, Mpwapwa Campus, P.O. Box 51, Mpwapwa, Dodoma, Tanzania.The University of Zambia, School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 32379 Lusaka, Zambia.St. Francis University of Health and Allied Sciences, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, P.O. Box 175, Ifakara, Tanzania.St. Francis University of Health and Allied Sciences, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, P.O. Box 175, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32280554

Citation

Mulilo, Misheck A., et al. "Hirudiniasis in Cattle in Mpwapwa District, Dodoma Region of Tanzania." Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine, vol. 2020, 2020, p. 3028345.
Mulilo MA, Siwila J, Madoshi PB, et al. Hirudiniasis in Cattle in Mpwapwa District, Dodoma Region of Tanzania. Case reports in veterinary medicine. 2020;2020:3028345.
Mulilo, M. A., Siwila, J., Madoshi, P. B., & Silayo, R. S. (2020). Hirudiniasis in Cattle in Mpwapwa District, Dodoma Region of Tanzania. Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine, 2020, 3028345. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3028345
Mulilo MA, et al. Hirudiniasis in Cattle in Mpwapwa District, Dodoma Region of Tanzania. Case reports in veterinary medicine. 2020;2020:3028345. PubMed PMID: 32280554.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hirudiniasis in Cattle in Mpwapwa District, Dodoma Region of Tanzania. AU - Mulilo,Misheck A, AU - Siwila,Joyce, AU - Madoshi,Philbert B, AU - Silayo,Richard S, Y1 - 2020/03/27/ PY - 2019/10/09/received PY - 2020/03/12/accepted PY - 2020/4/14/entrez PY - 2020/4/14/pubmed PY - 2020/4/14/medline SP - 3028345 EP - 3028345 JF - Case reports in veterinary medicine VL - 2020 N2 - Hirudiniasis is a condition caused by infestation by leeches. Despite the annoyance, clinical signs, and associated lesions caused by leeches in both humans and animals, the extent of the problem in Tanzania is not well elucidated. Individual animals and people become infested when they drink, bath, or walk through contaminated water sources. Leech infestations are more common in rural areas where water is scarce especially during the dry season. In this report, clinical cases of hirudiniasis in twenty-seven (27) cattle in Mpwapwa, Tanzania, are presented. The report further reviews the morphological features of leeches and creates awareness among the affected cattle farmers and the general public. A total of two hundred (200) live cattle were examined; out of these, 27 cattle had live leeches. There were, on average, 3-8 leeches per animal. Affected cattle had wounds on the gums, buccal mucosa, root of the tongue, and under the tongue with copious amounts of blood-stained frothy discharge. Further, the affected animals had respiratory distress and were rolling their tongues. The leeches were manually removed from all the affected cattle, with uneventful recovery. Laboratory examination revealed segmented, dorsal-ventral flattened, cylindrical parasites which had posterior and anterior suckers. The leech infestation was linked to drinking water from a pond which was suspected to be contaminated with "undescribed organisms" as indicated by the farmers. A follow-up was made and revealed no new cases and complete recovery of the affected animals. Hirudiniasis is one of the neglected diseases in humans and livestock and, therefore, requires integrated efforts especially in areas where water is scarce during the dry season. It is anticipated that this case report will stimulate interest and more studies in the subject matter to understand the extent of the problem and document the species and distribution of leeches in Tanzania. SN - 2090-701X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32280554/Hirudiniasis_in_Cattle_in_Mpwapwa_District_Dodoma_Region_of_Tanzania_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/32280554/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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