Ceruloplasmin suppresses ferroptosis by regulating iron homeostasis in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.Cell Signal. 2020 Aug; 72:109633.CS
Ferroptosis is a regulated form of cell death characterized by the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides. Ceruloplasmin (CP) is a glycoprotein that plays an essential role in iron homeostasis. However, whether CP regulates ferroptosis has not been reported. Here, we show that CP suppresses ferroptosis by regulating iron homeostasis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Depletion of CP promoted erastin- and RSL3-induced ferroptotic cell death and resulted in the accumulation of intracellular ferrous iron (Fe2+) and lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, overexpression of CP suppressed erastin- and RSL3-induced ferroptosis in HCC cells. In addition, a novel frameshift mutation (c.1192-1196del, p.leu398serfs) of CP gene newly identified in patients with iron accumulation and neurodegenerative diseases lost its ability to regulate iron homeostasis and thus failed to participate in the regulation of ferroptosis. Collectively, these data suggest that CP plays an indispensable role in ferroptosis by regulating iron metabolism and indicate a potential therapeutic approach for hepatocellular carcinoma.