Efficacy and safety of insulin glargine/lixisenatide fixed-ratio combination (iGlarLixi 1:1) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus inadequately controlled on oral antidiabetic drugs: A randomized, 26-week, open-label, multicenter study: The LixiLan JP-O2 Randomized Clinical Trial.Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020 Apr 14 [Online ahead of print]DO
To assess efficacy and safety of 26-week treatment with insulin glargine/lixisenatide fixed-ratio combination (iGlarLixi) compared with insulin glargine U100 (iGlar) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) inadequately controlled on oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This phase 3, multicenter, open label, 1:1 randomized, parallel-group study compared efficacy of iGlarLixi and iGlar in patients with T2DM, HbA1c of ≥7.5% to ≤9.5% and fasting plasma glucose ≤10.0 mmol/L (180 mg/dL). The primary endpoint was change in HbA1c from baseline to week 26.
Patients were randomized to iGlarLixi (n = 260) or iGlar (n = 261) (mean age 59.7 years, baseline BMI 26.04 kg/m2 , and HbA1c 8.04% [64.4 mmol/mol]). HbA1c reduction was significantly greater with iGlarLixi (-1.40% [-15.3 mmol/mol]) than with iGlar (-0.76% [-8.3 mmol/mol]). Significantly more iGlarLixi patients reached HbA1c <7% at week 26 (71.5% vs. 38.5%, P < 0.0001), with significantly lower weight gain (LS mean difference - 1.06 kg, P < 0.0001). Documented symptomatic hypoglycemia (plasma glucose ≤3.9 mmol/L [70 mg/dL]) was recorded in 14.2% of patients with iGlarLixi and 12.3% with iGlar. No severe hypoglycemia was reported in either group. Other than the expected gastrointestinal issues associated with glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists, we found no major difference in the incidence of TEAEs.
HbA1c reduction was significantly greater with iGlarLixi than with iGlar; significantly more patients achieved HbA1c <7%, with no additional risk of hypoglycemia and without weight gain. iGlarLixi (1:1) provided an effective treatment option for Japanese patients with T2DM inadequately controlled on OADs. Clinical Trial Number: NCT02752828. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.