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Current and former smokers and hip fractures.
J Frailty Sarcopenia Falls. 2018 Sep; 3(3):148-154.JF

Abstract

The purpose of this review is to examine the correlation between tobacco smoking and hip fractures. The literature that was used for this article was based on studies that investigated not only the direct correlation between smoking and hip fractures but also the effect of smoking on bone mineral density. In general, the incidence of hip fracture was found to be higher in current smokers in both genders. Compared with never smokers, former smokers had a slightly higher risk of hip fracture that was inversely proportional to the cessation span. The relative risk (RR) of hip fracture in current male smokers was higher than the RR for nonsmokers (never and former smokers). In postmenopausal women former and current smoking increased the RR. In premenopausal and postmenopausal women, cessation of smoking decreases the risk of hip fracture. Risk rises with greater cigarette consumption. Risk declines among former smokers, but the benefit is not observed until 10 years after cessation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

3 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Athens, KAT Hospital, Greece.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32300704

Citation

Ampelas, Dimitris G.. "Current and Former Smokers and Hip Fractures." Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls, vol. 3, no. 3, 2018, pp. 148-154.
Ampelas DG. Current and former smokers and hip fractures. J Frailty Sarcopenia Falls. 2018;3(3):148-154.
Ampelas, D. G. (2018). Current and former smokers and hip fractures. Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia and Falls, 3(3), 148-154. https://doi.org/10.22540/JFSF-03-148
Ampelas DG. Current and Former Smokers and Hip Fractures. J Frailty Sarcopenia Falls. 2018;3(3):148-154. PubMed PMID: 32300704.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Current and former smokers and hip fractures. A1 - Ampelas,Dimitris G, Y1 - 2018/09/01/ PY - 2018/02/06/accepted PY - 2020/4/18/entrez PY - 2018/9/1/pubmed PY - 2018/9/1/medline KW - Current smoker KW - Former smoker KW - Hip fracture KW - Non-smokers KW - Smoking SP - 148 EP - 154 JF - Journal of frailty, sarcopenia and falls JO - J Frailty Sarcopenia Falls VL - 3 IS - 3 N2 - The purpose of this review is to examine the correlation between tobacco smoking and hip fractures. The literature that was used for this article was based on studies that investigated not only the direct correlation between smoking and hip fractures but also the effect of smoking on bone mineral density. In general, the incidence of hip fracture was found to be higher in current smokers in both genders. Compared with never smokers, former smokers had a slightly higher risk of hip fracture that was inversely proportional to the cessation span. The relative risk (RR) of hip fracture in current male smokers was higher than the RR for nonsmokers (never and former smokers). In postmenopausal women former and current smoking increased the RR. In premenopausal and postmenopausal women, cessation of smoking decreases the risk of hip fracture. Risk rises with greater cigarette consumption. Risk declines among former smokers, but the benefit is not observed until 10 years after cessation. SN - 2459-4148 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32300704/Current_and_former_smokers_and_hip_fractures_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/32300704/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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