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COVID-19 Transmission in Dental Practice: Brief Review of Preventive Measures in Italy.
J Dent Res. 2020 08; 99(9):1030-1038.JD

Abstract

The outbreak and diffusion of SARS-CoV-2, responsible for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), has caused an emergency in the health system worldwide. After a first development in Wuhan, China, the virus spread in other countries, with Italy registering the second highest number of cases in Europe on the 7th of April 2020 (135,586 in total). The World Health Organization declared the pandemic diffusion of COVID-19, and restrictive measures to limit contagion have been taken in several countries. The virus has a predominantly respiratory transmission through aerosol and droplets. The importance of infection control is therefore crucial in limiting the effects of virus diffusion. We aim to discuss the risks related to dental practice and current recommendations for dental practitioners. A literature search was performed to retrieve articles on the management of COVID-19 diffusion in dental practice. The documented clinical experience, the measures of professional prevention, and the actual Italian situation were reported and described. Four articles were retrieved from the literature search. Among the eligible articles, 3 reported measures to contrast COVID-19 diffusion. The infection management protocols suggested were reviewed. Finally, recommendations based on the Italian experience in terms of patient triage, patients' entrance into the practice, dental treatment, and after-treatment management are reported and discussed. COVID-19 is a major emergency worldwide, which should not be underestimated. Due to the rapidly evolving situation, further assessment of the implications of COVID-19 outbreak in dental practice is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32302257

Citation

Izzetti, R, et al. "COVID-19 Transmission in Dental Practice: Brief Review of Preventive Measures in Italy." Journal of Dental Research, vol. 99, no. 9, 2020, pp. 1030-1038.
Izzetti R, Nisi M, Gabriele M, et al. COVID-19 Transmission in Dental Practice: Brief Review of Preventive Measures in Italy. J Dent Res. 2020;99(9):1030-1038.
Izzetti, R., Nisi, M., Gabriele, M., & Graziani, F. (2020). COVID-19 Transmission in Dental Practice: Brief Review of Preventive Measures in Italy. Journal of Dental Research, 99(9), 1030-1038. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034520920580
Izzetti R, et al. COVID-19 Transmission in Dental Practice: Brief Review of Preventive Measures in Italy. J Dent Res. 2020;99(9):1030-1038. PubMed PMID: 32302257.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - COVID-19 Transmission in Dental Practice: Brief Review of Preventive Measures in Italy. AU - Izzetti,R, AU - Nisi,M, AU - Gabriele,M, AU - Graziani,F, Y1 - 2020/04/17/ PY - 2020/4/18/pubmed PY - 2020/7/29/medline PY - 2020/4/18/entrez KW - dental education KW - dental public health KW - infection control KW - practice management KW - prevention KW - virology SP - 1030 EP - 1038 JF - Journal of dental research JO - J Dent Res VL - 99 IS - 9 N2 - The outbreak and diffusion of SARS-CoV-2, responsible for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), has caused an emergency in the health system worldwide. After a first development in Wuhan, China, the virus spread in other countries, with Italy registering the second highest number of cases in Europe on the 7th of April 2020 (135,586 in total). The World Health Organization declared the pandemic diffusion of COVID-19, and restrictive measures to limit contagion have been taken in several countries. The virus has a predominantly respiratory transmission through aerosol and droplets. The importance of infection control is therefore crucial in limiting the effects of virus diffusion. We aim to discuss the risks related to dental practice and current recommendations for dental practitioners. A literature search was performed to retrieve articles on the management of COVID-19 diffusion in dental practice. The documented clinical experience, the measures of professional prevention, and the actual Italian situation were reported and described. Four articles were retrieved from the literature search. Among the eligible articles, 3 reported measures to contrast COVID-19 diffusion. The infection management protocols suggested were reviewed. Finally, recommendations based on the Italian experience in terms of patient triage, patients' entrance into the practice, dental treatment, and after-treatment management are reported and discussed. COVID-19 is a major emergency worldwide, which should not be underestimated. Due to the rapidly evolving situation, further assessment of the implications of COVID-19 outbreak in dental practice is needed. SN - 1544-0591 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32302257/COVID_19_Transmission_in_Dental_Practice:_Brief_Review_of_Preventive_Measures_in_Italy_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0022034520920580?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -