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Caregiver's Sense of Coherence: A Predictor of Oral Health-Related Behaviors of Autistic Children in India.
Contemp Clin Dent. 2019 Apr-Jun; 10(2):197-202.CC

Abstract

Context

Sense of coherence (SOC) is hypothesized to be an important psychological factor that enables people to cope with stressors and successfully maintain and improve health.

Aim

This study was conducted with the aim to investigate the relationship between oral health-related behaviors of autistic children and SOC of their caregivers.

Settings and Design

An Exploratory cross sectional study was conducted to investigate the association of oral health-related behaviors of autistic children and their primary caregiver's sense of coherence in Vadodara city, Gujarat.

Methods and Results

A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 58 autistic children and their caregivers. The Gujarati version of Antonovsky's SOC scale (13 items) was employed to assess the caregiver's SOC. The outcome variables were the child's oral health-related behaviors, including frequency of sugary snack intake, toothbrushing frequency, and utilization of dental service.

Statistical Analysis Used

Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between the variables.

Results

Autistic children whose mothers (as caregivers) had higher SOC scores had a lower frequency of sugary snack intake and greater utilization of dental services compared with the children whose mothers had lower SOC scores. The other measures of oral health-related behaviors of the child were not significantly associated with the caregiver's SOC.

Conclusion

Oral health-related behaviors of autistic children, namely sugary snack intake frequency, toothbrushing frequency, and utilization of dental services, were associated with the SOC of their mothers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health Dentistry, K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University, Waghodia, Gujarat, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University, Waghodia, Gujarat, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University, Waghodia, Gujarat, India.Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University, Waghodia, Gujarat, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University, Waghodia, Gujarat, India.Department of Public Health Dentistry, K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth University, Waghodia, Gujarat, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32308277

Citation

Shah, Ankit, et al. "Caregiver's Sense of Coherence: a Predictor of Oral Health-Related Behaviors of Autistic Children in India." Contemporary Clinical Dentistry, vol. 10, no. 2, 2019, pp. 197-202.
Shah A, Singh S, Ajithkrishnan CG, et al. Caregiver's Sense of Coherence: A Predictor of Oral Health-Related Behaviors of Autistic Children in India. Contemp Clin Dent. 2019;10(2):197-202.
Shah, A., Singh, S., Ajithkrishnan, C. G., Kariya, P. B., Patel, H., & Ghosh, A. (2019). Caregiver's Sense of Coherence: A Predictor of Oral Health-Related Behaviors of Autistic Children in India. Contemporary Clinical Dentistry, 10(2), 197-202. https://doi.org/10.4103/ccd.ccd_648_18
Shah A, et al. Caregiver's Sense of Coherence: a Predictor of Oral Health-Related Behaviors of Autistic Children in India. Contemp Clin Dent. 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):197-202. PubMed PMID: 32308277.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Caregiver's Sense of Coherence: A Predictor of Oral Health-Related Behaviors of Autistic Children in India. AU - Shah,Ankit, AU - Singh,Sweta, AU - Ajithkrishnan,C G, AU - Kariya,Pratik Bipinkumar, AU - Patel,Hemal, AU - Ghosh,Abhishek, PY - 2020/4/21/entrez PY - 2020/4/21/pubmed PY - 2020/4/21/medline KW - Autism KW - caregiver KW - children KW - oral health-related behavior KW - sense of coherence SP - 197 EP - 202 JF - Contemporary clinical dentistry JO - Contemp Clin Dent VL - 10 IS - 2 N2 - Context: Sense of coherence (SOC) is hypothesized to be an important psychological factor that enables people to cope with stressors and successfully maintain and improve health. Aim: This study was conducted with the aim to investigate the relationship between oral health-related behaviors of autistic children and SOC of their caregivers. Settings and Design: An Exploratory cross sectional study was conducted to investigate the association of oral health-related behaviors of autistic children and their primary caregiver's sense of coherence in Vadodara city, Gujarat. Methods and Results: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 58 autistic children and their caregivers. The Gujarati version of Antonovsky's SOC scale (13 items) was employed to assess the caregiver's SOC. The outcome variables were the child's oral health-related behaviors, including frequency of sugary snack intake, toothbrushing frequency, and utilization of dental service. Statistical Analysis Used: Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between the variables. Results: Autistic children whose mothers (as caregivers) had higher SOC scores had a lower frequency of sugary snack intake and greater utilization of dental services compared with the children whose mothers had lower SOC scores. The other measures of oral health-related behaviors of the child were not significantly associated with the caregiver's SOC. Conclusion: Oral health-related behaviors of autistic children, namely sugary snack intake frequency, toothbrushing frequency, and utilization of dental services, were associated with the SOC of their mothers. SN - 0976-237X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32308277/Caregiver's_Sense_of_Coherence:_A_Predictor_of_Oral_Health_Related_Behaviors_of_Autistic_Children_in_India_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/32308277/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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