Effect of dextromethorphan/quinidine on pentylenetetrazole- induced clonic and tonic seizure thresholds in mice.Neurosci Lett. 2020 Jun 11; 729:134988.NL
This study aimed to investigate the effects of dextromethorphan (DM) or dextromethorphan/quinidine (DM/Q) against pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)- induced seizure threshold in mice and the probable involvement of N-methyl d-aspartate (NMDA), sigma-1 and serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) receptors.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
NMRI male mice (25-30 g) received quinidine (10, 20, and 30 mg/kg), DM (5, 10, 25, and 50 mg/kg) or DM/Q (10/20, 25/20, and 50/20 mg/kg), 30 min before the infusion of PTZ. ketamine (1 and 5 mg/kg), BD-1047 (2.5 and 5 mg/kg) or WAY-100635 (0.5 and 1 mg/kg) were administrated as pre-treatment 30 min before the selected dose of DM/Q. Seizures were induced by intravenous PTZ infusion. All data were presented as means ± S.E.M. One-way ANOVA test was used to determine statistical significance (p < 0.05).
DM (25 and 50 mg/kg) significantly increased PTZ- induced seizure threshold. DM/Q at doses of 10/20 and 25/20 mg/kg had anticonvulsant effect, while at a dose of 50/20 mg/kg attenuated anticonvulsant effect of DM 50 mg/kg. Ketamine (5 mg/kg) or WAY-100635 (1 mg/kg) potentiated, while BD-1047 (2.5 and 5 mg/kg) attenuated the anticonvulsant effect of DM/Q 10/20 mg/kg.
The results of present study demonstrate that combination with quinidine potentiates the anticonvulsant effect of DM at lower doses, while attenuates it at higher dose. Meanwhile, the effects of DM/Q on seizure activity likely involve an interaction with NMDA, the sigma-1 or the 5-HT1A receptor which may be secondary to the elevation of DM levels.