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The potential benefits of orange peels derived pectin on serum and skin mucus immune parameters, antioxidant defence and growth performance in common carp (Cyprinus carpio).
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2020 Aug; 103:17-22.FS

Abstract

This study was performed to determine the effects of pectin derived from orange peel (PDOP) on growth performance, antioxidant enzyme activity and serum and skin mucus immune response of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Common Carp (16.94 ± 0.03 g) were distributed into 12 tanks representing four treatments repeated in triplicates. Four diets were prepared to contain four levels of PDOP as follows: 0 (control), 0.5, 1, and 2% PDOP. Growth and immunological parameters as skin mucus lysozyme activity (SMLA) and total immunoglobulin (SMTIg), serum total immunoglobulin (STIg), serum peroxidase activities (SPA), Catalyse activity (CAT), DPPH radical scavenging activity, specific growth rate (SGR), weight gain (WG), final weight (FW), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were assessed. Fish fed diets supplemented with PDOP showed an improvement of SGR, WG, FW, and FCR (P < 0.05). In terms of skin mucus immunological parameters, dietary inclusion of pectin significantly (P < 0.05) increased SMTIg. Likewise, carps fed either 1 or 2% PDOP showed notable enhancement of SMLA. In the case of serum immune parameters and antioxidant defence, carps in 1% PDOP treatment showed significantly (P < 0.05) higher SPA and CAT compared to fish fed either control diet or 0.5% OPDP. Additionally, no significant change (P > 0.05) was found in SPA and CAT of fish fed either 1% PDOP or 2% PDOP. Also, no significant (P > 0.05) difference was noticed between treated groups and control in the case of STIg. Furthermore, no significant differences were observed in DPPH radical activity among treatments (P > 0.05). Overall, these results suggested that inclusion of PDOP in common carp diet can beneficially affect growth and immune response.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Fisheries Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Fisheries Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Fisheries Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.Department of Animal and Aquatic Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand; Science and Technology Research Institute, Chiang Mai University, 239 Huay Keaw Rd., Suthep, Muang, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand. Electronic address: hien.d@cmu.ac.th.Fish Nutrition Research Laboratory, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Egypt.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32325217

Citation

Hosseini, Seyed Mostafa, et al. "The Potential Benefits of Orange Peels Derived Pectin On Serum and Skin Mucus Immune Parameters, Antioxidant Defence and Growth Performance in Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio)." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 103, 2020, pp. 17-22.
Hosseini SM, Hoseinifar SH, Mazandarani M, et al. The potential benefits of orange peels derived pectin on serum and skin mucus immune parameters, antioxidant defence and growth performance in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2020;103:17-22.
Hosseini, S. M., Hoseinifar, S. H., Mazandarani, M., Paknejad, H., Van Doan, H., & El-Haroun, E. R. (2020). The potential benefits of orange peels derived pectin on serum and skin mucus immune parameters, antioxidant defence and growth performance in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 103, 17-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2020.04.019
Hosseini SM, et al. The Potential Benefits of Orange Peels Derived Pectin On Serum and Skin Mucus Immune Parameters, Antioxidant Defence and Growth Performance in Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio). Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2020;103:17-22. PubMed PMID: 32325217.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The potential benefits of orange peels derived pectin on serum and skin mucus immune parameters, antioxidant defence and growth performance in common carp (Cyprinus carpio). AU - Hosseini,Seyed Mostafa, AU - Hoseinifar,Seyed Hossein, AU - Mazandarani,Mohammad, AU - Paknejad,Hamed, AU - Van Doan,Hien, AU - El-Haroun,Ehab R, Y1 - 2020/04/20/ PY - 2020/03/01/received PY - 2020/04/02/revised PY - 2020/04/08/accepted PY - 2020/4/24/pubmed PY - 2021/1/26/medline PY - 2020/4/24/entrez KW - Common carp KW - Growth KW - Immunological parameters KW - Pectin KW - Serum immunology SP - 17 EP - 22 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 103 N2 - This study was performed to determine the effects of pectin derived from orange peel (PDOP) on growth performance, antioxidant enzyme activity and serum and skin mucus immune response of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Common Carp (16.94 ± 0.03 g) were distributed into 12 tanks representing four treatments repeated in triplicates. Four diets were prepared to contain four levels of PDOP as follows: 0 (control), 0.5, 1, and 2% PDOP. Growth and immunological parameters as skin mucus lysozyme activity (SMLA) and total immunoglobulin (SMTIg), serum total immunoglobulin (STIg), serum peroxidase activities (SPA), Catalyse activity (CAT), DPPH radical scavenging activity, specific growth rate (SGR), weight gain (WG), final weight (FW), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were assessed. Fish fed diets supplemented with PDOP showed an improvement of SGR, WG, FW, and FCR (P < 0.05). In terms of skin mucus immunological parameters, dietary inclusion of pectin significantly (P < 0.05) increased SMTIg. Likewise, carps fed either 1 or 2% PDOP showed notable enhancement of SMLA. In the case of serum immune parameters and antioxidant defence, carps in 1% PDOP treatment showed significantly (P < 0.05) higher SPA and CAT compared to fish fed either control diet or 0.5% OPDP. Additionally, no significant change (P > 0.05) was found in SPA and CAT of fish fed either 1% PDOP or 2% PDOP. Also, no significant (P > 0.05) difference was noticed between treated groups and control in the case of STIg. Furthermore, no significant differences were observed in DPPH radical activity among treatments (P > 0.05). Overall, these results suggested that inclusion of PDOP in common carp diet can beneficially affect growth and immune response. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32325217/The_potential_benefits_of_orange_peels_derived_pectin_on_serum_and_skin_mucus_immune_parameters_antioxidant_defence_and_growth_performance_in_common_carp__Cyprinus_carpio__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(20)30265-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -