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The Immobilization Effect of Natural Mineral Materials on Cr(VI) Remediation in Water and Soil.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 04 20; 17(8)IJ

Abstract

The effects of sepiolite, montmorillonite, and attapulgite on the removal and immobilization of Cr(VI) in water and soil were studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD) characterizations showed that the purities of these three mineral materials decreased in the following order: montmorillonite > attapulgite > sepiolite, and that their surface molecular bond types were similar. The adsorption potential of Cr(VI) in aqueous solutions of the three mineral materials was in the following order: sepiolite > attapulgite > montmorillonite. The adsorption mechanism for attapulgite was consistent with the Freundlich isotherm adsorption model, whereas that for montmorillonite was more consistent with the Langmuir model. Sepiolite had a good fitting effect for both isothermal adsorption models. For montmorillonite and attapulgite, a lower pH corresponded to a higher removal of Cr(VI). For sepiolite, however, the removal efficiency of Cr(VI) from an aqueous solution was the lowest at a pH of approximately 5.0. The results of the soil toxicity characteristic leaching procedure showed that, following the addition of 15% sepiolite, attapulgite, or montmorillonite to the contaminated soil, Cr(VI) concentrations in the leachates decreased by 16.8%, 18.9%, and 15.9%, respectively, and the total Cr concentrations in the leachates were reduced by 21.2%, 29.2%, and 17.6%. Of the three mineral materials, attapulgite demonstrated the highest Cr(VI) immobilization efficiency in soil. This study emphasizes the effect of attapulgite on the immobilization of Cr(VI) in soil and aqueous solutions, thus providing a theoretical basis for the potential application of natural mineral material remediation of Cr(VI)-contaminated aqueous solutions and soils.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China.School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China.College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China.School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China.School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China.School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China.College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32326056

Citation

Zhang, Dading, et al. "The Immobilization Effect of Natural Mineral Materials On Cr(VI) Remediation in Water and Soil." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 17, no. 8, 2020.
Zhang D, Xu Y, Li X, et al. The Immobilization Effect of Natural Mineral Materials on Cr(VI) Remediation in Water and Soil. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(8).
Zhang, D., Xu, Y., Li, X., Wang, L., He, X., Ma, Y., & Zou, D. (2020). The Immobilization Effect of Natural Mineral Materials on Cr(VI) Remediation in Water and Soil. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082832
Zhang D, et al. The Immobilization Effect of Natural Mineral Materials On Cr(VI) Remediation in Water and Soil. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 04 20;17(8) PubMed PMID: 32326056.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Immobilization Effect of Natural Mineral Materials on Cr(VI) Remediation in Water and Soil. AU - Zhang,Dading, AU - Xu,Yanqiu, AU - Li,Xiaofei, AU - Wang,Lina, AU - He,Xuwen, AU - Ma,Yan, AU - Zou,Dexun, Y1 - 2020/04/20/ PY - 2020/02/26/received PY - 2020/04/09/revised PY - 2020/04/14/accepted PY - 2020/4/25/entrez PY - 2020/4/25/pubmed PY - 2020/4/25/medline KW - Cr(VI) pollution KW - adsorption model KW - mineral materials KW - soil KW - toxicity characteristic leaching procedure JF - International journal of environmental research and public health JO - Int J Environ Res Public Health VL - 17 IS - 8 N2 - The effects of sepiolite, montmorillonite, and attapulgite on the removal and immobilization of Cr(VI) in water and soil were studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD) characterizations showed that the purities of these three mineral materials decreased in the following order: montmorillonite > attapulgite > sepiolite, and that their surface molecular bond types were similar. The adsorption potential of Cr(VI) in aqueous solutions of the three mineral materials was in the following order: sepiolite > attapulgite > montmorillonite. The adsorption mechanism for attapulgite was consistent with the Freundlich isotherm adsorption model, whereas that for montmorillonite was more consistent with the Langmuir model. Sepiolite had a good fitting effect for both isothermal adsorption models. For montmorillonite and attapulgite, a lower pH corresponded to a higher removal of Cr(VI). For sepiolite, however, the removal efficiency of Cr(VI) from an aqueous solution was the lowest at a pH of approximately 5.0. The results of the soil toxicity characteristic leaching procedure showed that, following the addition of 15% sepiolite, attapulgite, or montmorillonite to the contaminated soil, Cr(VI) concentrations in the leachates decreased by 16.8%, 18.9%, and 15.9%, respectively, and the total Cr concentrations in the leachates were reduced by 21.2%, 29.2%, and 17.6%. Of the three mineral materials, attapulgite demonstrated the highest Cr(VI) immobilization efficiency in soil. This study emphasizes the effect of attapulgite on the immobilization of Cr(VI) in soil and aqueous solutions, thus providing a theoretical basis for the potential application of natural mineral material remediation of Cr(VI)-contaminated aqueous solutions and soils. SN - 1660-4601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32326056/The_Immobilization_Effect_of_Natural_Mineral_Materials_on_Cr(VI)_Remediation_in_Water_and_Soil L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijerph17082832 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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