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Assessment of sexual and emotional distress in infertile couple: validation of a new specific psychometric tool.
J Endocrinol Invest. 2020 Dec; 43(12):1729-1737.JE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The diagnosis of infertility strongly impacts on psychological and sexological couple health. In this regard, some feelings and psychological states were demonstrated in association with reproductive problems. Depression and anxiety are the most common psychopathologies associated with infertility, although also sexuality is strongly involved in infertility conditions.

OBJECTIVES

The aim of this study is to develop a tool to probe and assess the emotional aspects, sexuality, and social relationships of the couple seeking medical care for infertility.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A self-reported questionnaire that we will refer to as SEIq (Sexuality and Emotions in Infertility questionnaire) was constructed and developed and, consequently, administered to 162 heterosexual couples (324 subjects) seeking help for reproductive problems. Hence, we performed a specific statistical analysis to assess and validate this new psychometric tool.

RESULTS

About 60% of men and women (both partners in 43% of couples) declare that infertility has changed their life (Q10). Moreover, the incidence of sexual disorder declared by the subjects is quite rare in men (10%) but more frequent in women (29%) (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION

The results of this pilot test show that the diagnosis of infertility impacts on the couple relationship affecting the emotional area, interpersonal relationships, and sexual functions of the couples. Moreover, the SEIq appears a valuable tool to coherently probe and relate sexological, psychological, relational, and emotive aspects in partners and couples facing the infertility diagnosis. The explorative factor analysis of SEIq data allows to understand the women, men, and couples' behavior in our sample, individuating a reduced set of factors, prone to an easier evaluation. On the whole, the psychometric evaluation through SEIq might be suitable for the couples during Assisted Reproductive Technologies treatments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Gender, Parenting, Child and Adolescent Medicine, Unit of Reproductive Pathophysiology and Andrology, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.Department of Gender, Parenting, Child and Adolescent Medicine, Unit of Reproductive Pathophysiology and Andrology, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.Department of Gender, Parenting, Child and Adolescent Medicine, Unit of Reproductive Pathophysiology and Andrology, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.Department of Gender, Parenting, Child and Adolescent Medicine, Unit of Reproductive Pathophysiology and Andrology, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.Department of Gender, Parenting, Child and Adolescent Medicine, Unit of Reproductive Pathophysiology and Andrology, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.Department of Gender, Parenting, Child and Adolescent Medicine, Unit of Reproductive Pathophysiology and Andrology, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.Department of Gender, Parenting, Child and Adolescent Medicine, Unit of Reproductive Pathophysiology and Andrology, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.Department of Science, University of Roma TRE, Rome, Italy.Department of Science, University of Roma TRE, Rome, Italy.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Policlinico "G. Rodolico", via S. Sofia 78, 95123, Catania, Italy.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Policlinico "G. Rodolico", via S. Sofia 78, 95123, Catania, Italy.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Policlinico "G. Rodolico", via S. Sofia 78, 95123, Catania, Italy. sandrolavignera@unict.it.Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Policlinico "G. Rodolico", via S. Sofia 78, 95123, Catania, Italy.Section of Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology, Department of Experimental Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.Department of Gender, Parenting, Child and Adolescent Medicine, Unit of Reproductive Pathophysiology and Andrology, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32333331

Citation

Cocchiaro, T, et al. "Assessment of Sexual and Emotional Distress in Infertile Couple: Validation of a New Specific Psychometric Tool." Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, vol. 43, no. 12, 2020, pp. 1729-1737.
Cocchiaro T, Meneghini C, Dal Lago A, et al. Assessment of sexual and emotional distress in infertile couple: validation of a new specific psychometric tool. J Endocrinol Invest. 2020;43(12):1729-1737.
Cocchiaro, T., Meneghini, C., Dal Lago, A., Fabiani, C., Amodei, M., Miriello, D., Crisafulli, M. L., Meneghini, C., Capone, B., Cannarella, R., Condorelli, R. A., La Vignera, S., Calogero, A. E., Lenzi, A., & Rago, R. (2020). Assessment of sexual and emotional distress in infertile couple: validation of a new specific psychometric tool. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 43(12), 1729-1737. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40618-020-01263-z
Cocchiaro T, et al. Assessment of Sexual and Emotional Distress in Infertile Couple: Validation of a New Specific Psychometric Tool. J Endocrinol Invest. 2020;43(12):1729-1737. PubMed PMID: 32333331.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of sexual and emotional distress in infertile couple: validation of a new specific psychometric tool. AU - Cocchiaro,T, AU - Meneghini,C, AU - Dal Lago,A, AU - Fabiani,C, AU - Amodei,M, AU - Miriello,D, AU - Crisafulli,M L, AU - Meneghini,C, AU - Capone,B, AU - Cannarella,R, AU - Condorelli,R A, AU - La Vignera,S, AU - Calogero,A E, AU - Lenzi,A, AU - Rago,R, Y1 - 2020/04/24/ PY - 2020/01/18/received PY - 2020/04/16/accepted PY - 2020/4/26/pubmed PY - 2021/8/28/medline PY - 2020/4/26/entrez KW - Distress KW - Emotions KW - Infertility KW - Questionnaire KW - Sexuality SP - 1729 EP - 1737 JF - Journal of endocrinological investigation JO - J Endocrinol Invest VL - 43 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of infertility strongly impacts on psychological and sexological couple health. In this regard, some feelings and psychological states were demonstrated in association with reproductive problems. Depression and anxiety are the most common psychopathologies associated with infertility, although also sexuality is strongly involved in infertility conditions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to develop a tool to probe and assess the emotional aspects, sexuality, and social relationships of the couple seeking medical care for infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire that we will refer to as SEIq (Sexuality and Emotions in Infertility questionnaire) was constructed and developed and, consequently, administered to 162 heterosexual couples (324 subjects) seeking help for reproductive problems. Hence, we performed a specific statistical analysis to assess and validate this new psychometric tool. RESULTS: About 60% of men and women (both partners in 43% of couples) declare that infertility has changed their life (Q10). Moreover, the incidence of sexual disorder declared by the subjects is quite rare in men (10%) but more frequent in women (29%) (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The results of this pilot test show that the diagnosis of infertility impacts on the couple relationship affecting the emotional area, interpersonal relationships, and sexual functions of the couples. Moreover, the SEIq appears a valuable tool to coherently probe and relate sexological, psychological, relational, and emotive aspects in partners and couples facing the infertility diagnosis. The explorative factor analysis of SEIq data allows to understand the women, men, and couples' behavior in our sample, individuating a reduced set of factors, prone to an easier evaluation. On the whole, the psychometric evaluation through SEIq might be suitable for the couples during Assisted Reproductive Technologies treatments. SN - 1720-8386 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32333331/Assessment_of_sexual_and_emotional_distress_in_infertile_couple:_validation_of_a_new_specific_psychometric_tool_ L2 - https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40618-020-01263-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -