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[Epidemic characteristics and trend analysis of the COVID-19 in Hubei province].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2020 Apr 27; 41(0):E053.ZL

Abstract

Objective:

By describing and analyzing the epidemic characteristics and trends of the attack rate, the crude mortality and relevant indexes in Hubei province during the pandemic of COVID-19 to provide comprehensive evaluations of the epidemic trends and the effects of intervention measures.

Methods:

Based on the case data reported in Hubei province during the COVID-19 epidemic, combined with the important time of major interventions and event, the cumulative attack rate, the sequential increase rate of new cases, baseline increase rate of new cases, the observation- confirmed case conversion rate, the cumulative crude mortality, the daily severe case rate, and the ratio of death to severe were used to describe and analyze the epidemic characteristics in different phases of the COVID-19 epidemic.

Results:

The epidemic experienced an outbreak phase from January 10 to February 3 with large amount of case reported, a peak phase from February 4 to February 19 with continuous increasing number of new cases and deaths, a platform phase from February 20 to March 3 with balanced diagnosis and treatment number, and a descending phase from March 4 to March 18 with decreased diagnosis and increased treatment number. Up to March 18, the cumulative attack rate of the COVID-19 epidemic in Hubei province increased from 0.03/10 000 on January 19 to 11.46/10 000, from 0.04/10 000 on January 10 to 45.13/10 000 in Wuhan city, and from 0.002/ 10 000 on January 20 to 3.70/ 10 000 in other areas of Hubei province other than Wuhan city. The increase rate of new cases fluctuated during the epidemic period and reached the highest at February 12 in Hubei province. The cumulative crude mortality in Hubei Province increased rapidly from 1.01% on January 19 to 5.13% on January 26, then decreased to 2.54% on February 13, and then slowly increased to 4.62% on March 18, and similar trend was also observed in Wuhan city. The daily severe rate in Hubei Province increased from 26.88% on January 27 to 34.27% on March 18. The ratio of death to severe decreased from 7.37% on January 23 to 0.35% on March 18.

Conclusions:

The epidemic cycle of COVID-19 in Hubei province proposed to be 60 days, which was about 1.76 times of the combination of the longest incubation period or isolation period (14 d) and the average hospitalization time of confirmed patients in Hubei province (20 d). It suggested that the major anti-epidemic decisions made in China were effective.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Second Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Second Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Second Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Second Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Second Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Second Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Second Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.The Fifth Medical Centre, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100039, China.The Fifth Medical Centre, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100039, China.Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Second Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

32340091

Citation

Song, Y, et al. "[Epidemic Characteristics and Trend Analysis of the COVID-19 in Hubei Province]." Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi = Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi, vol. 41, no. 0, 2020, pp. E053.
Song Y, Liu M, Jia WP, et al. [Epidemic characteristics and trend analysis of the COVID-19 in Hubei province]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2020;41(0):E053.
Song, Y., Liu, M., Jia, W. P., Wang, S. S., Cao, W. Z., Han, K., Yang, S. S., Li, J., Chen, Z., & He, Y. (2020). [Epidemic characteristics and trend analysis of the COVID-19 in Hubei province]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi = Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi, 41(0), E053. https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200321-00409
Song Y, et al. [Epidemic Characteristics and Trend Analysis of the COVID-19 in Hubei Province]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2020 Apr 27;41(0):E053. PubMed PMID: 32340091.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Epidemic characteristics and trend analysis of the COVID-19 in Hubei province]. AU - Song,Y, AU - Liu,M, AU - Jia,W P, AU - Wang,S S, AU - Cao,W Z, AU - Han,K, AU - Yang,S S, AU - Li,J, AU - Chen,Z, AU - He,Y, Y1 - 2020/04/27/ PY - 2020/4/29/entrez KW - Attack rate KW - COVID-19 KW - Mortality SP - E053 EP - E053 JF - Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi JO - Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi VL - 41 IS - 0 N2 - Objective: By describing and analyzing the epidemic characteristics and trends of the attack rate, the crude mortality and relevant indexes in Hubei province during the pandemic of COVID-19 to provide comprehensive evaluations of the epidemic trends and the effects of intervention measures. Methods: Based on the case data reported in Hubei province during the COVID-19 epidemic, combined with the important time of major interventions and event, the cumulative attack rate, the sequential increase rate of new cases, baseline increase rate of new cases, the observation- confirmed case conversion rate, the cumulative crude mortality, the daily severe case rate, and the ratio of death to severe were used to describe and analyze the epidemic characteristics in different phases of the COVID-19 epidemic. Results: The epidemic experienced an outbreak phase from January 10 to February 3 with large amount of case reported, a peak phase from February 4 to February 19 with continuous increasing number of new cases and deaths, a platform phase from February 20 to March 3 with balanced diagnosis and treatment number, and a descending phase from March 4 to March 18 with decreased diagnosis and increased treatment number. Up to March 18, the cumulative attack rate of the COVID-19 epidemic in Hubei province increased from 0.03/10 000 on January 19 to 11.46/10 000, from 0.04/10 000 on January 10 to 45.13/10 000 in Wuhan city, and from 0.002/ 10 000 on January 20 to 3.70/ 10 000 in other areas of Hubei province other than Wuhan city. The increase rate of new cases fluctuated during the epidemic period and reached the highest at February 12 in Hubei province. The cumulative crude mortality in Hubei Province increased rapidly from 1.01% on January 19 to 5.13% on January 26, then decreased to 2.54% on February 13, and then slowly increased to 4.62% on March 18, and similar trend was also observed in Wuhan city. The daily severe rate in Hubei Province increased from 26.88% on January 27 to 34.27% on March 18. The ratio of death to severe decreased from 7.37% on January 23 to 0.35% on March 18. Conclusions: The epidemic cycle of COVID-19 in Hubei province proposed to be 60 days, which was about 1.76 times of the combination of the longest incubation period or isolation period (14 d) and the average hospitalization time of confirmed patients in Hubei province (20 d). It suggested that the major anti-epidemic decisions made in China were effective. SN - 0254-6450 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32340091/[Epidemic_characteristics_and_trend_analysis_of_the_COVID_19_in_Hubei_province]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&DOI=10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20200321-00409 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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