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Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2020 Jun; 29(6):749-758.EC

Abstract

Psychological health problems, especially emotional disorders, are common among adolescents. The epidemiology of emotional disorders is greatly influenced by stressful events. This study sought to assess the prevalence rate and socio-demographic correlates of depressive and anxiety symptoms among Chinese adolescents affected by the outbreak of COVID-19. We conducted a cross-sectional study among Chinese students aged 12-18 years during the COVID-19 epidemic period. An online survey was used to conduct rapid assessment. A total of 8079 participants were involved in the study. An online survey was used to collect demographic data, assess students' awareness of COVID-19, and assess depressive and anxiety symptoms with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) questionnaire, respectively. The prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and a combination of depressive and anxiety symptoms was 43.7%, 37.4%, and 31.3%, respectively, among Chinese high school students during the COVID-19 outbreak. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that female gender was the higher risk factor for depressive and anxiety symptoms. In terms of grades, senior high school was a risk factor for depressive and anxiety symptoms; the higher the grade, the greater the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms. Our findings show there is a high prevalence of psychological health problems among adolescents, which are negatively associated with the level of awareness of COVID-19. These findings suggest that the government needs to pay more attention to psychological health among adolescents while combating COVID-19.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital, Peking University HuiLongGuan Clinical Medical School, Beijing, 10096, China.Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital, Peking University HuiLongGuan Clinical Medical School, Beijing, 10096, China.Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital, Peking University HuiLongGuan Clinical Medical School, Beijing, 10096, China.The First High School of Juxian, Rizhao, Shandong, China.Binhai Eco-City School-Tianjin Nankai High School, Tianjin, China.The Experimental Middle School of Chengde, Chengde, Hebei, China.The Hospital of Nankai University, Tianjin, China.Hebei Tangshan Foreign Language School, Tangshan, Hebei, China.Beijing HuiLongGuan Hospital, Peking University HuiLongGuan Clinical Medical School, Beijing, 10096, China. chenjx1110@163.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32363492

Citation

Zhou, Shuang-Jiang, et al. "Prevalence and Socio-demographic Correlates of Psychological Health Problems in Chinese Adolescents During the Outbreak of COVID-19." European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 29, no. 6, 2020, pp. 749-758.
Zhou SJ, Zhang LG, Wang LL, et al. Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2020;29(6):749-758.
Zhou, S. J., Zhang, L. G., Wang, L. L., Guo, Z. C., Wang, J. Q., Chen, J. C., Liu, M., Chen, X., & Chen, J. X. (2020). Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 29(6), 749-758. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01541-4
Zhou SJ, et al. Prevalence and Socio-demographic Correlates of Psychological Health Problems in Chinese Adolescents During the Outbreak of COVID-19. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2020;29(6):749-758. PubMed PMID: 32363492.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. AU - Zhou,Shuang-Jiang, AU - Zhang,Li-Gang, AU - Wang,Lei-Lei, AU - Guo,Zhao-Chang, AU - Wang,Jing-Qi, AU - Chen,Jin-Cheng, AU - Liu,Mei, AU - Chen,Xi, AU - Chen,Jing-Xu, Y1 - 2020/05/03/ PY - 2020/03/31/received PY - 2020/04/23/accepted PY - 2020/5/5/pubmed PY - 2020/6/27/medline PY - 2020/5/5/entrez KW - Adolescents KW - Anxiety KW - COVID-19 KW - Depression KW - Prevalence SP - 749 EP - 758 JF - European child & adolescent psychiatry JO - Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 29 IS - 6 N2 - Psychological health problems, especially emotional disorders, are common among adolescents. The epidemiology of emotional disorders is greatly influenced by stressful events. This study sought to assess the prevalence rate and socio-demographic correlates of depressive and anxiety symptoms among Chinese adolescents affected by the outbreak of COVID-19. We conducted a cross-sectional study among Chinese students aged 12-18 years during the COVID-19 epidemic period. An online survey was used to conduct rapid assessment. A total of 8079 participants were involved in the study. An online survey was used to collect demographic data, assess students' awareness of COVID-19, and assess depressive and anxiety symptoms with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) questionnaire, respectively. The prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and a combination of depressive and anxiety symptoms was 43.7%, 37.4%, and 31.3%, respectively, among Chinese high school students during the COVID-19 outbreak. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that female gender was the higher risk factor for depressive and anxiety symptoms. In terms of grades, senior high school was a risk factor for depressive and anxiety symptoms; the higher the grade, the greater the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms. Our findings show there is a high prevalence of psychological health problems among adolescents, which are negatively associated with the level of awareness of COVID-19. These findings suggest that the government needs to pay more attention to psychological health among adolescents while combating COVID-19. SN - 1435-165X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32363492/Prevalence_and_socio_demographic_correlates_of_psychological_health_problems_in_Chinese_adolescents_during_the_outbreak_of_COVID_19_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-020-01541-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -