EBV-associated lymphoid interstitial pneumonia in IBD patient: Case report and literature review.Respir Med Case Rep. 2020; 30:101059.RM
Lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (LIP) is categorized as a rare form of interstitial lung disease. Most cases are associated with autoimmune disease.
A 78-year-old male with Crohn's disease, presented with progressive dyspnea and dry cough for few weeks. The pathology of transbronchial lung biopsy was compatible with LIP and positive cells on EBER in situ hybridization. Blood EBV viral load was 85,715 copies/mL, compatible with EBV-associated LIP. All immunosuppressive agents were discontinued, but unfortunately the patient died due to hospital-acquired infections. In addition, we reviewed all reported cases of EBV-associated LIP in literature.
To our knowledge, we report herein the first case of EBV-associated LIP in an IBD patient. We postulate that LIP was the consequence from EBV reactivation, probably due to immunosuppressive agents and/or IBD itself. The physician should aware of this disease when taking care of immunosuppressive patients who present with acute interstitial pneumonitis.