[Update on vocal fold augmentation].HNO. 2020 Jun; 68(6):461-472.HNO
Unilateral vocal fold palsy is a frequent cause of hoarseness. In the presence of glottis closure insufficiency, the effectiveness of conservative voice therapy is often limited and phonosurgery may be indicated. Injection laryngoplasty is effective for correction of insufficiency. Early intervention during the first 6 months after diagnosis is desired to avoid subsequent insufficient endogenous compensation. Particularly patients with glottic closure insufficiency ≤2 mm in stroboscopy may benefit from this procedure. With appropriate patient selection, duration of the effect exceeding 12 months has been described for hyaluronic acid, calcium hydroxylapatite, and autologous fat. Due to rare complications such as allergic swelling at the injection site, regular laryngoscopic monitoring and observation for two nights after injection are recommended. The voice must only be rested for a few hours.