Lattice-Tip Focal Ablation Catheter That Toggles Between Radiofrequency and Pulsed Field Energy to Treat Atrial Fibrillation: A First-in-Human Trial.Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2020 06; 13(6):e008718.CA
The tissue selectivity of pulsed field ablation (PFA) provides safety advantages over radiofrequency ablation in treating atrial fibrillation. One-shot PFA catheters have been shown capable of performing pulmonary vein isolation, but not flexible lesion sets such as linear lesions. A novel lattice-tip ablation catheter with a compressible 9-mm nitinol tip is able to deliver either focal radiofrequency ablation or PFA lesions, each in 2 to 5 s.
In a 3-center, single-arm, first-in-human trial, the 7.5F lattice catheter was used with a custom mapping system to treat paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation. Toggling between energy sources, point-by-point pulmonary vein encirclement was performed using biphasic PFA posteriorly and either temperature-controlled irrigated radiofrequency ablation or PFA anteriorly (RF/PF or PF/PF, respectively). Linear lesions were created using either PFA or radiofrequency ablation.
The 76-patient cohort included 55 paroxysmal and 21 persistent atrial fibrillation patients undergoing either RF/PF (40 patients) or PF/PF (36 patients) ablation. The pulmonary vein isolation therapy duration time (transpiring from first to last lesion) was 22.6±8.3 min/patient, with a mean of 50.1 RF/PF lesions/patient. Linear lesions included 14 mitral (4 RF/2 RF+PF/8 PF), 34 left atrium roof (12 RF/22 PF), and 44 cavotricuspid isthmus (36 RF/8 PF) lines, with therapy duration times of 5.1±3.5, 1.8±2.3, and 2.4±2.1 min/patient, respectively. All lesion sets were acutely successful, using 4.7±3.5 minutes of fluoroscopy. There were no device-related complications, including no strokes. Postprocedure esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed minor mucosal thermal injury in 2 of 36 RF/PF and 0 of 24 PF/PF patients. Postprocedure brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffusion-weighted imaging+/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery- and diffusion-weighted imaging+/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery+ asymptomatic lesions in 5 and 3 of 51 patients, respectively.
A novel lattice-tip catheter could safely and rapidly ablate atrial fibrillation using either a combined RF/PF approach (capitalizing on the safety of PFA and the years of experience with radiofrequency energy) or an entirely PF approach. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifiers: NCT04141007 and NCT04194307.