Intracranial Pseudoaneurysm Caused by Cerebral Paragonimiasis in Pediatric Patients.Pediatr Neurol. 2020 Aug; 109:47-51.PN
We investigated the proportion of pediatric patients with cerebral paragonimiasis and intracranial hemorrhage who have intracranial pseudoaneurysms.
Images of 17 pediatric patients with cerebral paragonimiasis that first manifested as secondary intracranial hemorrhage were evaluated. All patients underwent computed tomographic angiography before surgery. A diagnosis of cerebral paragonimiasis was confirmed based on a positive Paragonimus-specific antibody test in serum samples from all 17 patients. Cerebral paragonimiasis in five of the 17 patients was further confirmed by histopathological examination of surgical specimens.
Computed tomographic angiographic images for six of the 17 patients (35.3%) showed the presence of intracranial pseudoaneurysms. Follow-up computed tomographic angiographic scans two years later showed that two of the six patients had persistent pseudoaneurysms and underwent aneurysmectomy. The diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm was confirmed by histopathological examination postsurgery. In another two of the six patients, the pseudoaneurysm lesions were absorbed and could no longer be seen on three- to six-month follow-up scans. The final two patients with pseudoaneurysms are still under follow-up. Intracranial pseudoaneurysms with various degrees of surrounding hemorrhage were frequently observed at first manifestation.
The rupture of intracranial pseudoaneurysms is a common characteristic feature of secondary intracranial hemorrhage caused by cerebral paragonimiasis in pediatric patients.