Effects of dietary non-viable Bacillus sp. SJ-10, Lactobacillus plantarum, and their combination on growth, humoral and cellular immunity, and streptococcosis resistance in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus).Res Vet Sci. 2020 Aug; 131:177-185.RV
Heat-killed (HK) Bacillus sp. SJ-10 (B), HK Lactobacillus plantarum (P), and their combination were dietary supplemented to olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) to quantify the effects on growth, innate immunity, and disease resistance. Four test diets were supplied: a control feed free of HK probiotics, 1 × 108 CFUs g-1 single treatments of each of HK B (HKB) and HK P (HKP), and an equal proportion of (0.5 HKB + 0.5 HKP) × 108 CFUs g-1 (HKB0.5 HKP0.5). At 8 weeks of completion feeding trail, HKB0.5 HKP0.5 significantly (P < .05) improved growth, feed utilization, and nonspecific immune parameters (respiratory burst and superoxide dismutase) compared to the control group. Similarly, serum lysozyme and myeloperoxidase activities were higher in both HKB and HKB0.5HKP0.5 groups. The levels of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 in the liver and IL-1β in the liver, kidney, and spleen were also improved in the treatments, but microvilli length was only increased in HKB0.5HKP0.5. After Streptococcus iniae 1 × 108 CFUs mL-1 challenged; HKB and HKB0.5HKP0.5 had a higher survival than control and HKP. Overall, dietary administration of synergy HK probiotics elevated growth, cellular and humoral immunity, and streptococcosis resistance in olive flounder.