Rapid visual detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in seafood samples by loop-mediated isothermal amplification with hydroxynaphthol blue dye.World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2020 May 10; 36(5):76.WJ
The detection and monitoring of Vibrio parahaemolyticus pathogen in aquatic foods have become essential for preventing outbreaks. In this study, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay with the azo dye, hydroxynaphthol blue (HNB) was developed targeting species-specific tlh gene. The assay was carried out on 62 seafood samples that included clam and shrimp and compared with conventional LAMP assay performed with the commonly used fluorescent dye, conventional PCR, and real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Of 62 samples studied for tlh gene, 32 (51.61%) gave positive by HNB-LAMP, which comprised 22 (70.96%) clam samples and 10 (32.25%) shrimp samples. The HNB-LAMP assay was found to be highly sensitive, specific, and superior to conventional PCR (p > 0.05). RT-PCR presented higher sensitivity than HNB-LAMP; however, it has the limitation of being cost-intensive and requiring technical expertise to perform. HNB-LAMP is affordable, rapid, simple, and easy to perform, allowing naked eye visualization.