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COVID-19: animals, veterinary and zoonotic links.
Vet Q. 2020 Dec; 40(1):169-182.VQ

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has spread over 210 countries and territories beyond China shortly. On February 29, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) denoted it in a high-risk category, and on March 11, 2020, this virus was designated pandemic, after its declaration being a Public Health International Emergency on January 30, 2020. World over high efforts are being made to counter and contain this virus. The COVID-19 outbreak once again proves the potential of the animal-human interface to act as the primary source of emerging zoonotic diseases. Even though the circumstantial evidence suggests the possibility of an initial zoonotic emergence, it is too early to confirm the role of intermediate hosts such as snakes, pangolins, turtles, and other wild animals in the origin of SARS-CoV-2, in addition to bats, the natural hosts of multiple coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. The lessons learned from past episodes of MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV are being exploited to retort this virus. Best efforts are being taken up by worldwide nations to implement effective diagnosis, strict vigilance, heightened surveillance, and monitoring, along with adopting appropriate preventive and control strategies. Identifying the possible zoonotic emergence and the exact mechanism responsible for its initial transmission will help us to design and implement appropriate preventive barriers against the further transmission of SARS-CoV-2. This review discusses in brief about the COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 with a particular focus on the role of animals, the veterinary and associated zoonotic links along with prevention and control strategies based on One-health approaches.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Sciences, UP Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhayay Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalay Evum Go-Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura, India.Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.Division of Surgery, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.Sher-E, Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.Division of Biological Standardization, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.Division of Pathology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Advanced Material Technologies, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Wrocław, Poland.Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, Nepal.Semillero de Zoonosis, Grupo de Investigación BIOECOS, Fundación Universitaria Autónoma de las Américas, Sede Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia. Public Health and Infection Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira, Pereira, Colombia.Public Health and Infection Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira, Pereira, Colombia. Grupo de Investigacion Biomedicina, Faculty of Medicine, Fundacion Universitaria Autonoma de las Americas, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32393111

Citation

Tiwari, Ruchi, et al. "COVID-19: Animals, Veterinary and Zoonotic Links." The Veterinary Quarterly, vol. 40, no. 1, 2020, pp. 169-182.
Tiwari R, Dhama K, Sharun K, et al. COVID-19: animals, veterinary and zoonotic links. Vet Q. 2020;40(1):169-182.
Tiwari, R., Dhama, K., Sharun, K., Iqbal Yatoo, M., Malik, Y. S., Singh, R., Michalak, I., Sah, R., Bonilla-Aldana, D. K., & Rodriguez-Morales, A. J. (2020). COVID-19: animals, veterinary and zoonotic links. The Veterinary Quarterly, 40(1), 169-182. https://doi.org/10.1080/01652176.2020.1766725
Tiwari R, et al. COVID-19: Animals, Veterinary and Zoonotic Links. Vet Q. 2020;40(1):169-182. PubMed PMID: 32393111.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - COVID-19: animals, veterinary and zoonotic links. AU - Tiwari,Ruchi, AU - Dhama,Kuldeep, AU - Sharun,Khan, AU - Iqbal Yatoo,Mohd, AU - Malik,Yashpal Singh, AU - Singh,Rajendra, AU - Michalak,Izabela, AU - Sah,Ranjit, AU - Bonilla-Aldana,D Katterine, AU - Rodriguez-Morales,Alfonso J, PY - 2020/5/13/pubmed PY - 2020/5/28/medline PY - 2020/5/13/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - SARS-CoV-2 KW - animals KW - one health KW - transmission KW - veterinary KW - zoonosis SP - 169 EP - 182 JF - The veterinary quarterly JO - Vet Q VL - 40 IS - 1 N2 - Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has spread over 210 countries and territories beyond China shortly. On February 29, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) denoted it in a high-risk category, and on March 11, 2020, this virus was designated pandemic, after its declaration being a Public Health International Emergency on January 30, 2020. World over high efforts are being made to counter and contain this virus. The COVID-19 outbreak once again proves the potential of the animal-human interface to act as the primary source of emerging zoonotic diseases. Even though the circumstantial evidence suggests the possibility of an initial zoonotic emergence, it is too early to confirm the role of intermediate hosts such as snakes, pangolins, turtles, and other wild animals in the origin of SARS-CoV-2, in addition to bats, the natural hosts of multiple coronaviruses such as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. The lessons learned from past episodes of MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV are being exploited to retort this virus. Best efforts are being taken up by worldwide nations to implement effective diagnosis, strict vigilance, heightened surveillance, and monitoring, along with adopting appropriate preventive and control strategies. Identifying the possible zoonotic emergence and the exact mechanism responsible for its initial transmission will help us to design and implement appropriate preventive barriers against the further transmission of SARS-CoV-2. This review discusses in brief about the COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 with a particular focus on the role of animals, the veterinary and associated zoonotic links along with prevention and control strategies based on One-health approaches. SN - 1875-5941 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32393111/COVID_19:_animals_veterinary_and_zoonotic_links_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01652176.2020.1766725 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -