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Intensive Longitudinal Study of the Relationship Between Cigalike E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Among Adult Cigarette Smokers Without Immediate Plans to Quit Smoking.
Nicotine Tob Res. 2021 02 16; 23(3):527-534.NT

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

This study examined the association between the introduction of an e-cigarette and subsequent change in cigarette smoking among smokers who were not immediately interested in quitting.

AIMS AND METHODS

The Moment Study was a 21-day intensive longitudinal study with an online follow-up survey at 30 days. After observing baseline cigarette smoking for 1 week, participants received 10 cigalike e-cigarettes on study days 6 and 13. Participants reported cigarettes per day, e-cigarette puffs per day, and e-cigarette satisfaction using text-message-based surveys.

RESULTS

The sample of 96 daily smokers was majority female (53.1%), African American (67.7%), and non-Hispanic (95.8%). When e-cigarettes were provided (day 6), average cigarettes per day dropped by 1.82 cigarettes (p < .0001). The within-person e-cigarette puff effect on daily cigarette smoking was significantly negative (β = -0.023; p = .005); a participant who consumed 100 more e-cigarette puffs in a day than usual for that person was expected to smoke 2.3 fewer cigarettes that day, but this was only true for non-menthol smokers (p = .006). Smokers older than 45 and those who started smoking at a younger age rated e-cigarettes as less satisfying (ps < .05). Participants with greater than the median reported satisfaction were 6.5 times more likely to use an e-cigarette at follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS

Giving e-cigarettes to smokers who did not intend to quit reduced their cigarette smoking on days when they used e-cigarette more frequently, but this relationship did not hold for menthol smokers. Satisfaction with e-cigarette use was predictive of continued use 30 days later.

IMPLICATIONS

A greater amount of cigalike e-cigarette use resulted in less smoking among adult daily smokers without immediate plans to quit, but a lack of nicotine delivery and satisfaction for these devices may have limited their utility as a replacement for cigarette smoking, especially among menthol smokers. The global concept of "satisfaction" may be an important driver of e-cigarette use among adult smokers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Social and Behavioral Health/Health Administration and Policy, University of Nevada, Reno, NV. Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies at Truth Initiative, Washington, DC.Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.Counseling and Psychological Services, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Contractor-Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD.Division of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Environmental Health, University of Nevada, Reno, NV.Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY.Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, College of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32421191

Citation

Pearson, Jennifer L., et al. "Intensive Longitudinal Study of the Relationship Between Cigalike E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Among Adult Cigarette Smokers Without Immediate Plans to Quit Smoking." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 23, no. 3, 2021, pp. 527-534.
Pearson JL, Zhou Y, Smiley SL, et al. Intensive Longitudinal Study of the Relationship Between Cigalike E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Among Adult Cigarette Smokers Without Immediate Plans to Quit Smoking. Nicotine Tob Res. 2021;23(3):527-534.
Pearson, J. L., Zhou, Y., Smiley, S. L., Rubin, L. F., Harvey, E., Koch, B., Niaura, R., & Abrams, D. B. (2021). Intensive Longitudinal Study of the Relationship Between Cigalike E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Among Adult Cigarette Smokers Without Immediate Plans to Quit Smoking. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 23(3), 527-534. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntaa086
Pearson JL, et al. Intensive Longitudinal Study of the Relationship Between Cigalike E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Among Adult Cigarette Smokers Without Immediate Plans to Quit Smoking. Nicotine Tob Res. 2021 02 16;23(3):527-534. PubMed PMID: 32421191.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intensive Longitudinal Study of the Relationship Between Cigalike E-cigarette Use and Cigarette Smoking Among Adult Cigarette Smokers Without Immediate Plans to Quit Smoking. AU - Pearson,Jennifer L, AU - Zhou,Yitong, AU - Smiley,Sabrina L, AU - Rubin,Leslie F, AU - Harvey,Emily, AU - Koch,Brandon, AU - Niaura,Raymond, AU - Abrams,David B, PY - 2019/12/12/received PY - 2020/05/12/accepted PY - 2020/5/19/pubmed PY - 2021/5/4/medline PY - 2020/5/19/entrez SP - 527 EP - 534 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob Res VL - 23 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: This study examined the association between the introduction of an e-cigarette and subsequent change in cigarette smoking among smokers who were not immediately interested in quitting. AIMS AND METHODS: The Moment Study was a 21-day intensive longitudinal study with an online follow-up survey at 30 days. After observing baseline cigarette smoking for 1 week, participants received 10 cigalike e-cigarettes on study days 6 and 13. Participants reported cigarettes per day, e-cigarette puffs per day, and e-cigarette satisfaction using text-message-based surveys. RESULTS: The sample of 96 daily smokers was majority female (53.1%), African American (67.7%), and non-Hispanic (95.8%). When e-cigarettes were provided (day 6), average cigarettes per day dropped by 1.82 cigarettes (p < .0001). The within-person e-cigarette puff effect on daily cigarette smoking was significantly negative (β = -0.023; p = .005); a participant who consumed 100 more e-cigarette puffs in a day than usual for that person was expected to smoke 2.3 fewer cigarettes that day, but this was only true for non-menthol smokers (p = .006). Smokers older than 45 and those who started smoking at a younger age rated e-cigarettes as less satisfying (ps < .05). Participants with greater than the median reported satisfaction were 6.5 times more likely to use an e-cigarette at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Giving e-cigarettes to smokers who did not intend to quit reduced their cigarette smoking on days when they used e-cigarette more frequently, but this relationship did not hold for menthol smokers. Satisfaction with e-cigarette use was predictive of continued use 30 days later. IMPLICATIONS: A greater amount of cigalike e-cigarette use resulted in less smoking among adult daily smokers without immediate plans to quit, but a lack of nicotine delivery and satisfaction for these devices may have limited their utility as a replacement for cigarette smoking, especially among menthol smokers. The global concept of "satisfaction" may be an important driver of e-cigarette use among adult smokers. SN - 1469-994X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32421191/Intensive_Longitudinal_Study_of_the_Relationship_Between_Cigalike_E_cigarette_Use_and_Cigarette_Smoking_Among_Adult_Cigarette_Smokers_Without_Immediate_Plans_to_Quit_Smoking_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ntr/ntaa086 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -