Inflammation calls for more: Severe pelvic inflammatory disease with or without endometriosis. Outcomes on 311 laparoscopically treated women.J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod. 2021 Mar; 50(3):101811.JG
To study possible associations between endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Retrospective cohort analysis over 14 consecutive years, based on medical records and insurance coding in a tertiary care endometriosis reference center.
Tertiary care reference center for endometriosis.
Retrospective analysis on all women submitted to laparoscopy in our Unit MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intra-operative data about complications and fertility-impairing procedures, intra-, peri- and post-operative complications.
Retrospective disease codes-triggered chart analysis.
The study population was divided into two groups: Group 1 included women with PID and no endometriosis (n = 115); Group 2 included women with PID and endometriosis (n = 96). Endometriosis had a prevalence of 63 % in patients submitted to surgery for PID, significantly higher than the one reported in general population and than the one reported in a Tertiary Care Endometriosis Unit. A significantly higher number of salpingectiomes was needed in group 2 patients (208 versus 80, p < 0.0001).
This study seems to confirm an higher prevalence of pelvic inflammatory disease in endometriosis patients. Intra-operative findings of PID with associated endometriosis show more aggressive patterns.