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Psychological health during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic outbreak.
Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020 08; 66(5):512-516.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The current ongoing pandemic outbreak of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) has globally affected 213 countries and territories with more than 2.5 million confirmed cases and thousands of casualties. The unpredictable and uncertain COVID-19 outbreak has the potential of adversely affecting the psychological health on individual and community level. Currently all efforts are focused on the understanding of epidemiology, clinical features, mode of transmission, counteract the spread of the virus, and challenges of global health, while crucially significant mental health has been overlooked in this endeavor.

METHOD

This review is to evaluate past outbreaks to understand the extent of adverse effects on psychological health, psychological crisis intervention, and mental health management plans. Published previous and current articles on PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Elsevier about psychological impact of infectious diseases outbreaks and COVID-19 has been considered and reviewed.

COMMENTS

COVID-19 is leading to intense psychosocial issues and comprising mental health marking a secondary health concern all around the world. Globally implementing preventive and controlling measures, and cultivating coping and resilience are challenging factors; modified lifestyle (lockdown curfew, self-isolation, social distancing and quarantine); conspiracy theories, misinformation and disinformation about the origin, scale, signs, symptoms, transmission, prevention and treatment; global socioeconomic crisis; travel restrictions; workplace hazard control; postponement and cancellation of religious, sports, cultural and entertainment events; panic buying and hoarding; incidents of racism, xenophobia, discrimination, stigma, psychological pressure of productivity, marginalization and violence; overwhelmed medical centers and health organizations, and general impact on education, politics, socioeconomic, culture, environment and climate - are some of the risk factors to aggravate further problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32434402

Citation

Mukhtar, Sonia. "Psychological Health During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic Outbreak." The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, vol. 66, no. 5, 2020, pp. 512-516.
Mukhtar S. Psychological health during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic outbreak. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020;66(5):512-516.
Mukhtar, S. (2020). Psychological health during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic outbreak. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 66(5), 512-516. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020925835
Mukhtar S. Psychological Health During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic Outbreak. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020;66(5):512-516. PubMed PMID: 32434402.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological health during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic outbreak. A1 - Mukhtar,Sonia, Y1 - 2020/05/21/ PY - 2020/5/22/pubmed PY - 2020/8/13/medline PY - 2020/5/22/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - coping KW - coronavirus pandemic KW - mental health KW - mindfulness and well-being KW - misinfodemics KW - psychological problems KW - psychosocial issues KW - resilience KW - social and behavioral epidemiology KW - stigma SP - 512 EP - 516 JF - The International journal of social psychiatry JO - Int J Soc Psychiatry VL - 66 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The current ongoing pandemic outbreak of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) has globally affected 213 countries and territories with more than 2.5 million confirmed cases and thousands of casualties. The unpredictable and uncertain COVID-19 outbreak has the potential of adversely affecting the psychological health on individual and community level. Currently all efforts are focused on the understanding of epidemiology, clinical features, mode of transmission, counteract the spread of the virus, and challenges of global health, while crucially significant mental health has been overlooked in this endeavor. METHOD: This review is to evaluate past outbreaks to understand the extent of adverse effects on psychological health, psychological crisis intervention, and mental health management plans. Published previous and current articles on PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Elsevier about psychological impact of infectious diseases outbreaks and COVID-19 has been considered and reviewed. COMMENTS: COVID-19 is leading to intense psychosocial issues and comprising mental health marking a secondary health concern all around the world. Globally implementing preventive and controlling measures, and cultivating coping and resilience are challenging factors; modified lifestyle (lockdown curfew, self-isolation, social distancing and quarantine); conspiracy theories, misinformation and disinformation about the origin, scale, signs, symptoms, transmission, prevention and treatment; global socioeconomic crisis; travel restrictions; workplace hazard control; postponement and cancellation of religious, sports, cultural and entertainment events; panic buying and hoarding; incidents of racism, xenophobia, discrimination, stigma, psychological pressure of productivity, marginalization and violence; overwhelmed medical centers and health organizations, and general impact on education, politics, socioeconomic, culture, environment and climate - are some of the risk factors to aggravate further problems. SN - 1741-2854 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32434402/Psychological_health_during_the_coronavirus_disease_2019_pandemic_outbreak_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764020925835?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -