[Application of vacuum stretcher combined with feeding in cranial magnetic resonance imaging examination for neonates: a prospective randomized controlled study].Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2020 May; 22(5):435-440.ZD
To study the effect and safety of vacuum stretcher combined with feeding in cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination for neonates.
A prospective study was performed for the neonates with hyperbilirubinemia, with a gestational age of >34 weeks and stable vital signs, who needed cranial MRI examination and did not need oxygen inhalation hospitalized in the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, from September to November, 2019. The neonates were randomly divided into a vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group and a conventional sedation group. Vital signs were monitored before, during, and after MRI examination. The success rate of MRI procedure was recorded.
A total of 80 neonates were enrolled in the study, with 40 neonates in the vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group and 40 in the conventional sedation group. The vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group had a significantly higher success rate of MRI procedure than the conventional sedation group (P<0.05). As for the neonates who underwent successful MRI examination, the fastest heart rate after examination in the vacuum stretcher combined with feeding group was significantly lower than that in the conventional sedation group (P<0.05), while there were no significant differences between the two groups in transcutaneous oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, and body temperature before and after MRI examination (P>0.05). No complications, such as apnea, acute allergic reactions, and malignant fever, were observed.
Vacuum stretcher combined with feeding can improve the success rate of MRI procedure and reduce the use of sedatives, and meanwhile, it does not increase related risks.