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Human Milk Supplements: Principles, Practices, and Current Controversies.
Clin Perinatol. 2020 Jun; 47(2):355-368.CP

Abstract

Human milk is the most optimal source of nutrition for preterm and term infants. However, in most preterm infants, breast milk fails to meet the energy needs of the newborn infant. Overwhelming evidence supports the fortification of breast milk in preterm infants to facilitate better short-term outcomes. Several single-nutrient and multinutrient breast milk supplements and fortifiers are used to improve the macronutrient and micronutrient content of breast milk. An individualized fortification strategy has the potential to offer better results compared with standard fortification strategies. Human milk-derived fortification is promising, but the benefits in exclusively human milk-fed preterm infants are unclear.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address: premkuma@bcm.edu.Department of Clinical Nutrition Services, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32439116

Citation

Premkumar, Muralidhar H., et al. "Human Milk Supplements: Principles, Practices, and Current Controversies." Clinics in Perinatology, vol. 47, no. 2, 2020, pp. 355-368.
Premkumar MH, Massieu LA, Anderson DM, et al. Human Milk Supplements: Principles, Practices, and Current Controversies. Clin Perinatol. 2020;47(2):355-368.
Premkumar, M. H., Massieu, L. A., Anderson, D. M., & Gokulakrishnan, G. (2020). Human Milk Supplements: Principles, Practices, and Current Controversies. Clinics in Perinatology, 47(2), 355-368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clp.2020.02.001
Premkumar MH, et al. Human Milk Supplements: Principles, Practices, and Current Controversies. Clin Perinatol. 2020;47(2):355-368. PubMed PMID: 32439116.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Human Milk Supplements: Principles, Practices, and Current Controversies. AU - Premkumar,Muralidhar H, AU - Massieu,Leonor Adriana, AU - Anderson,Diane M, AU - Gokulakrishnan,Ganga, Y1 - 2020/02/19/ PY - 2020/5/23/entrez KW - Breast milk KW - Extrauterine growth restriction KW - Fortifier KW - Human milk fortification KW - Human milk supplement KW - Human milk–derived fortifier KW - Macronutrients KW - Preterm SP - 355 EP - 368 JF - Clinics in perinatology JO - Clin Perinatol VL - 47 IS - 2 N2 - Human milk is the most optimal source of nutrition for preterm and term infants. However, in most preterm infants, breast milk fails to meet the energy needs of the newborn infant. Overwhelming evidence supports the fortification of breast milk in preterm infants to facilitate better short-term outcomes. Several single-nutrient and multinutrient breast milk supplements and fortifiers are used to improve the macronutrient and micronutrient content of breast milk. An individualized fortification strategy has the potential to offer better results compared with standard fortification strategies. Human milk-derived fortification is promising, but the benefits in exclusively human milk-fed preterm infants are unclear. SN - 1557-9840 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32439116/Human_Milk_Supplements:_Principles,_Practices,_and_Current_Controversies L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0095-5108(20)30013-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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