Impaired dentin mineralization, supernumerary teeth, hypoplastic mandibular condyles with long condylar necks, and a TRPS1 mutation.Arch Oral Biol. 2020 Aug; 116:104735.AO
Tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome type I, an autosomal dominant condition, is caused by heterozygous pathogenic variants in a zinc finger transcription factor, TRPS1, which has important roles in development of endochondral bones, teeth, and hair. Clinical manifestations of the patients include short stature, sparse, fine and slow-growing scalp hair, bulbous nose, supernumerary teeth, hip dysplasia, brachydactyly, and cone-shaped epiphyses of the phalangeal bones.
To clinically, radiographically, and molecular genetically investigate a patient with tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome type I.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Clinical and radiographic examination and mutation analysis of TRPS1 were performed.
Clinical and radiographic examination indicated the patient had tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome type I. Sequencing of the TRPS1 gene revealed a heterozygous pathogenic variant (c.2762G>A; p.Arg921Gln). Oral examination showed supernumerary teeth, large dental pulp spaces, dental pulp stones, microdontia of the maxillary permanent lateral incisors, absence of the mandibular left second premolar and short root of the maxillary right second premolar, and hypoplastic mandibular condyles with long condylar necks.
TRPS1 has an important function in regulating bone and dentin mineralization. Having large dental pulp spaces suggests that impaired dentin mineralization was the result of the TRPS1 pathogenic variant. This is the first patient with a TRPS1 pathogenic variant who had impaired dentin mineralization. This is also the third report showing the association between TRPS1 pathogenic variants and the presence of supernumerary teeth.