Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Analytical findings in used syringes from a syringe exchange program.
Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Jul; 81:102770.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Since it's first implementatation in 1984, Syringe Exchange Programs (SEP) are a critical component of harm reduction interventions among people who inject drugs.. The aim of this work was to use a scientific analytical approach to obtain drug use information through the analysis of the content of used syringes.

METHODS

357 syringes were collected in New York City and submitted to qualitative analysis. Screening analysis was performed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and confirmatory analysis by liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF).

RESULTS

Of the 357 syringes analyzed, 275 (77.0%) were positive for one or more substances. The most common drug of abuse identified was heroin/related substances (72.0%), followed by cocaine/related substance (34.9%), fentanyl/related substance (13.5%), methamphetamine/related substance (7.6%) and furanylfentanyl (3.6%). Quinine/quinidine (18.5%) was the most common cutting agent detected, followed by levamisole (12.0%), caffeine (11.6%), lidocaine (11.6%), and phenacetin (6.9%).

CONCLUSION

Analysis of samples collected from a drug street scenario allows the identification of new substances being injected and provides information to harm reduction programs to identify strategies to reduce drug abuse.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Center for Forensic Science Research and Education (CFSRE), 2300 Stratford Ave, Willow Grove, PA, 19090, USA. Electronic address: tais.fiorentin@cfsre.org.The Center for Forensic Science Research and Education (CFSRE), 2300 Stratford Ave, Willow Grove, PA, 19090, USA; NMS Labs, 200 Welsh Road, Horsham, PA, 19044, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32442881

Citation

Fiorentin, Taís Regina, and Barry K. Logan. "Analytical Findings in Used Syringes From a Syringe Exchange Program." The International Journal On Drug Policy, vol. 81, 2020, p. 102770.
Fiorentin TR, Logan BK. Analytical findings in used syringes from a syringe exchange program. Int J Drug Policy. 2020;81:102770.
Fiorentin, T. R., & Logan, B. K. (2020). Analytical findings in used syringes from a syringe exchange program. The International Journal On Drug Policy, 81, 102770. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102770
Fiorentin TR, Logan BK. Analytical Findings in Used Syringes From a Syringe Exchange Program. Int J Drug Policy. 2020;81:102770. PubMed PMID: 32442881.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Analytical findings in used syringes from a syringe exchange program. AU - Fiorentin,Taís Regina, AU - Logan,Barry K, Y1 - 2020/05/19/ PY - 2020/02/05/received PY - 2020/04/19/revised PY - 2020/04/22/accepted PY - 2020/5/23/pubmed PY - 2020/5/23/medline PY - 2020/5/23/entrez KW - Adulterants KW - Gas chromatography mass spectrometry KW - Illicit drugs KW - Liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry KW - Syringe Exchange Programs SP - 102770 EP - 102770 JF - The International journal on drug policy JO - Int. J. Drug Policy VL - 81 N2 - BACKGROUND: Since it's first implementatation in 1984, Syringe Exchange Programs (SEP) are a critical component of harm reduction interventions among people who inject drugs.. The aim of this work was to use a scientific analytical approach to obtain drug use information through the analysis of the content of used syringes. METHODS: 357 syringes were collected in New York City and submitted to qualitative analysis. Screening analysis was performed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and confirmatory analysis by liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-QTOF). RESULTS: Of the 357 syringes analyzed, 275 (77.0%) were positive for one or more substances. The most common drug of abuse identified was heroin/related substances (72.0%), followed by cocaine/related substance (34.9%), fentanyl/related substance (13.5%), methamphetamine/related substance (7.6%) and furanylfentanyl (3.6%). Quinine/quinidine (18.5%) was the most common cutting agent detected, followed by levamisole (12.0%), caffeine (11.6%), lidocaine (11.6%), and phenacetin (6.9%). CONCLUSION: Analysis of samples collected from a drug street scenario allows the identification of new substances being injected and provides information to harm reduction programs to identify strategies to reduce drug abuse. SN - 1873-4758 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32442881/Analytical_findings_in_used_syringes_from_a_syringe_exchange_program L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0955-3959(20)30111-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
Try the Free App:
Prime PubMed app for iOS iPhone iPad
Prime PubMed app for Android
Prime PubMed is provided
free to individuals by:
Unbound Medicine.