Influence of binder attributes on binder effectiveness in a continuous twin screw wet granulation process via wet and dry binder addition.Int J Pharm. 2020 Jul 30; 585:119466.IJ
The effect of a wide variety of binders on the quality of granules produced via continuous twin screw wet granulation was studied. Anhydrous dicalcium phosphate was used as poorly soluble filler and was granulated applying dry or wet addition of binders. Furthermore, dry and wet binder characteristics were determined and linked to the binder effectiveness. PVA 4-88 and starch octenyl succinate exhibited the lowest granule friability at low liquid-to-solid ratios, i.e. the highest binder effectiveness, which was attributed to fast binder activation based on the fast wetting kinetics of the binder, to efficient wetting of DCP particles, and to good spreading in the powder bed. The performance of wettability measurements in an early formulation development stage is therefore considered highly important. Additionally, an increased stickiness of the binder surface caused by high binder viscosity and slow dissolution kinetics also positively influenced the binder effectiveness. In conclusion, this study revealed which binder attributes have a critical impact on the granulation process of dicalcium phosphate. Additionally, dry binder addition proved successful for creation of high quality granules.