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Spatial variability of phthalates contamination in the reef-building corals Porites lutea, Pocillopora verrucosa and Pavona varians.
Mar Pollut Bull. 2020 Jun; 155:111117.MP

Abstract

Microplastic pollution represents a serious hazard for the marine environment, including coral reefs. Scleractinian corals can easily mistake microplastics with their natural preys, and ingest them and all the annexed plasticizer additives. Here we selectively searched on field for five phthalates esters (PAEs) namely dibutyl-phthalate (DBP), benzylbutyl-phthalate (BBzP), diethyl-phthalate (DEP), Bis(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP), and dimethyl-phthalate (DMP) in the coral species Pocillopora verrucosa, Porites lutea and Pavona varians. Our data reveal that >95% of corals sampled were contaminated, with a maximum of 172.4 ng/g, a value 7 time-fold higher than those found in a previous study. The Σ5 PAEs showed an average of about 30 ng/g per coral, but no differences in PAEs contamination was detected between species, depth or reef exposure. Despite their effects on coral physiology are not yet known, PAEs should be now considered as a novel, and ubiquitous, form of contamination in corals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy; MaRHE Center (Marine Research and High Education Center), Magoodhoo Island Faafu Atoll, Maldives. Electronic address: simone.montano@unimib.it.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy; MaRHE Center (Marine Research and High Education Center), Magoodhoo Island Faafu Atoll, Maldives.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy; MaRHE Center (Marine Research and High Education Center), Magoodhoo Island Faafu Atoll, Maldives.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy; MaRHE Center (Marine Research and High Education Center), Magoodhoo Island Faafu Atoll, Maldives.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32469762

Citation

Montano, Simone, et al. "Spatial Variability of Phthalates Contamination in the Reef-building Corals Porites Lutea, Pocillopora Verrucosa and Pavona Varians." Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 155, 2020, p. 111117.
Montano S, Seveso D, Maggioni D, et al. Spatial variability of phthalates contamination in the reef-building corals Porites lutea, Pocillopora verrucosa and Pavona varians. Mar Pollut Bull. 2020;155:111117.
Montano, S., Seveso, D., Maggioni, D., Galli, P., Corsarini, S., & Saliu, F. (2020). Spatial variability of phthalates contamination in the reef-building corals Porites lutea, Pocillopora verrucosa and Pavona varians. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 155, 111117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111117
Montano S, et al. Spatial Variability of Phthalates Contamination in the Reef-building Corals Porites Lutea, Pocillopora Verrucosa and Pavona Varians. Mar Pollut Bull. 2020;155:111117. PubMed PMID: 32469762.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Spatial variability of phthalates contamination in the reef-building corals Porites lutea, Pocillopora verrucosa and Pavona varians. AU - Montano,Simone, AU - Seveso,Davide, AU - Maggioni,Davide, AU - Galli,Paolo, AU - Corsarini,Stefano, AU - Saliu,Francesco, Y1 - 2020/04/28/ PY - 2020/03/03/received PY - 2020/03/19/revised PY - 2020/03/26/accepted PY - 2020/5/30/entrez PY - 2020/5/30/pubmed PY - 2020/7/11/medline KW - Coral KW - Magoodhoo KW - Maldives KW - Microplastic KW - PAEs KW - Plastic pollution SP - 111117 EP - 111117 JF - Marine pollution bulletin JO - Mar. Pollut. Bull. VL - 155 N2 - Microplastic pollution represents a serious hazard for the marine environment, including coral reefs. Scleractinian corals can easily mistake microplastics with their natural preys, and ingest them and all the annexed plasticizer additives. Here we selectively searched on field for five phthalates esters (PAEs) namely dibutyl-phthalate (DBP), benzylbutyl-phthalate (BBzP), diethyl-phthalate (DEP), Bis(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP), and dimethyl-phthalate (DMP) in the coral species Pocillopora verrucosa, Porites lutea and Pavona varians. Our data reveal that >95% of corals sampled were contaminated, with a maximum of 172.4 ng/g, a value 7 time-fold higher than those found in a previous study. The Σ5 PAEs showed an average of about 30 ng/g per coral, but no differences in PAEs contamination was detected between species, depth or reef exposure. Despite their effects on coral physiology are not yet known, PAEs should be now considered as a novel, and ubiquitous, form of contamination in corals. SN - 1879-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32469762/Spatial_variability_of_phthalates_contamination_in_the_reef_building_corals_Porites_lutea_Pocillopora_verrucosa_and_Pavona_varians_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-326X(20)30235-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -