Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dietary origanum essential oil improved antioxidative status, immune-related genes, and resistance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) to Aeromonas hydrophila infection.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2020 Sep; 104:1-7.FS

Abstract

The use of herbal essential oils in aquafeeds is an important approach to maintain the fish health status. The origanum essential oil (OEO), extracted from Origanum vulgare, was included at levels of 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 g per kg diet to evaluate its beneficial effects on antioxidant, immunity status, and expression of immune-related genes of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. After 8 weeks, dietary inclusion of OEO significantly increased the activities of hepatic superoxide dismutase and catalase (P < 0.05); meanwhile, levels of hepatic malonaldehyde significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The levels of serum lysozyme activity, phagocytic activity, and phagocytic index have been linearly and quadratically increased by dietary OEO in a dose-dependent regime showing their highest levels in 15-20 g OEO/kg diet. Moreover, dietary OEO significantly upregulated the relative expression of hepatic interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) genes (P < 0.05). Dietary OEO maintained the normal histomorphological criteria and density of melanomacrophage centers of spleens, and hematopoietic tissues of the anterior kidneys in all fish groups with respect to the control. After challenge with pathogenic bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila, the 10-day cumulative mortality significantly decreased (P < 0.05); meanwhile, the relative percent of survival of common carp significantly increased by OEO administration (P < 0.05) in a dose-dependent manner. The obtained results reflect the beneficial roles of dietary OEO to boost the antioxidative status and the immune responses in common carp with an optimum level of 15 g/kg diet.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Poultry and Fish Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Edfina, 22758, Behera Province, Egypt. Electronic address: hmhany@alexu.edu.eg.Department of Fish Biology and Ecology, Central Laboratory for Aquaculture Research, Agriculture Research Center, Abbassa, Abo-Hammad, Sharqia, Egypt. Electronic address: mohsentawwab@gmail.com.Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Edfina, 22758, Behera Province, Egypt. Electronic address: asmaa.khafaga@alexu.edu.eg.Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, 33516, Kafrelsheikh, Egypt. Electronic address: mahmouddawood55@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32474085

Citation

Abdel-Latif, Hany M R., et al. "Dietary Origanum Essential Oil Improved Antioxidative Status, Immune-related Genes, and Resistance of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio L.) to Aeromonas Hydrophila Infection." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 104, 2020, pp. 1-7.
Abdel-Latif HMR, Abdel-Tawwab M, Khafaga AF, et al. Dietary origanum essential oil improved antioxidative status, immune-related genes, and resistance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) to Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2020;104:1-7.
Abdel-Latif, H. M. R., Abdel-Tawwab, M., Khafaga, A. F., & Dawood, M. A. O. (2020). Dietary origanum essential oil improved antioxidative status, immune-related genes, and resistance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) to Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 104, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2020.05.056
Abdel-Latif HMR, et al. Dietary Origanum Essential Oil Improved Antioxidative Status, Immune-related Genes, and Resistance of Common Carp (Cyprinus Carpio L.) to Aeromonas Hydrophila Infection. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2020;104:1-7. PubMed PMID: 32474085.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary origanum essential oil improved antioxidative status, immune-related genes, and resistance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) to Aeromonas hydrophila infection. AU - Abdel-Latif,Hany M R, AU - Abdel-Tawwab,Mohsen, AU - Khafaga,Asmaa F, AU - Dawood,Mahmoud A O, Y1 - 2020/05/29/ PY - 2020/04/11/received PY - 2020/05/16/revised PY - 2020/05/21/accepted PY - 2020/6/1/pubmed PY - 2021/3/13/medline PY - 2020/6/1/entrez KW - Aeromonas hydrophila KW - Antioxidants KW - Cyprinus carpio KW - Immunity KW - Origanum essential oil SP - 1 EP - 7 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 104 N2 - The use of herbal essential oils in aquafeeds is an important approach to maintain the fish health status. The origanum essential oil (OEO), extracted from Origanum vulgare, was included at levels of 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 g per kg diet to evaluate its beneficial effects on antioxidant, immunity status, and expression of immune-related genes of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. After 8 weeks, dietary inclusion of OEO significantly increased the activities of hepatic superoxide dismutase and catalase (P < 0.05); meanwhile, levels of hepatic malonaldehyde significantly decreased (P < 0.05). The levels of serum lysozyme activity, phagocytic activity, and phagocytic index have been linearly and quadratically increased by dietary OEO in a dose-dependent regime showing their highest levels in 15-20 g OEO/kg diet. Moreover, dietary OEO significantly upregulated the relative expression of hepatic interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) genes (P < 0.05). Dietary OEO maintained the normal histomorphological criteria and density of melanomacrophage centers of spleens, and hematopoietic tissues of the anterior kidneys in all fish groups with respect to the control. After challenge with pathogenic bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila, the 10-day cumulative mortality significantly decreased (P < 0.05); meanwhile, the relative percent of survival of common carp significantly increased by OEO administration (P < 0.05) in a dose-dependent manner. The obtained results reflect the beneficial roles of dietary OEO to boost the antioxidative status and the immune responses in common carp with an optimum level of 15 g/kg diet. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32474085/Dietary_origanum_essential_oil_improved_antioxidative_status_immune_related_genes_and_resistance_of_common_carp__Cyprinus_carpio_L___to_Aeromonas_hydrophila_infection_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -