Effects of Oxidation of Human Serum Albumin on the Binding of Aripiprazole.Biol Pharm Bull. 2020; 43(6):1023-1026.BP
Aripiprazole (ARP) is one of antipsychotics and binds to human serum albumin (HSA) with a high affinity. In this study, we investigated the binding characteristics of ARP to oxidized HSA as observed in chronic disease conditions. Oxidized HSAs were prepared using chloramine-T (CT-HSA) or metal-catalyzed oxidation system (MCO-HSA) in vitro, respectively. An increase in the carbonyl content was confirmed in oxidized HSAs. From the results of circular dichroism (CD) and tryptophan fluorescence spectra, no significant structural change of oxidized HSAs was observed. These results indicate that prepared HSAs are mildly oxidized and well reflects the status of HSA during chronic diseases. However, oxidized HSAs were observed to have a significant decrease in binding to ARP. The results of the induced CD spectrum suggested that ARP bound to oxidized HSAs with a similar orientation. These results suggest that oxidation of HSA during chronic disease state significantly affected the microenvironment of the binding site for ARP and binding capacity of HSA to ARP.