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Sex differences in the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders in 1942 nonhospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Pol Arch Intern Med. 2020 06 25; 130(6):501-505.PA

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) is a communicable disease caused by a novel coronavirus.

OBJECTIVES

This study aimed to assess self‑reported frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders in nonhospitalized patients with COVID‑19 in Poland.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

This cross‑sectional survey was conducted between April 17 and 18, 2020, in 4516 nonhospitalized patients with COVID‑19 in Poland. The questionnaire included 8 questions related to the health status, symptoms of COVID‑19, comorbidities, and smoking status.

RESULTS

Completed questionnaires were obtained from 1942 patients with COVID‑19 with a response rate of 43%. The median age of the respondents was 50 years; 60.2% were women. Among nonhospitalized patients with COVID‑19, 21.3% had hypertension, 4.5% had diabetes, and 3.1% had a chronic respiratory disease. Regular tobacco use was declared by 11.2% of patients with COVID‑19. At least one gastrointestinal symptom was reported by 53.6% of patients. Almost half of patients (47%) with COVID‑19 reported lack of appetite and 24.2% reported diarrhea. Among 1942 interviewed patients, 54.2% reported at least 1 olfactory or taste disorder and 42.5% reported both alterations. Self‑reported olfactory and taste disorders were 49.2% and 47.5%, respectively. Self‑reported frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders during COVID‑19 was significantly higher (P <0.001) in women than men.

CONCLUSIONS

This study demonstrated that olfactory and taste disorders are frequent symptoms in patients with mild‑to‑moderate COVID‑19. Moreover, our study indicated sex differences in the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders among nonhospitalized patients with COVID‑19.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cardiac Arrhythmia, National Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland; Collegium Medicum, University of Cardinal Wyszynski in Warsaw, Warsaw, PolandSchool of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland. pinkas@cmkp.edu.plSchool of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, PolandSchool of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, PolandSatellite Campus in Warsaw, University of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, Warsaw, PolandDepartment of Prevention of Environmental Hazards and Allergology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, PolandDepartment of Cardiac Arrhythmia, National Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32491298

Citation

Sierpiński, Radosław, et al. "Sex Differences in the Frequency of Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Olfactory or Taste Disorders in 1942 Nonhospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)." Polish Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 130, no. 6, 2020, pp. 501-505.
Sierpiński R, Pinkas J, Jankowski M, et al. Sex differences in the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders in 1942 nonhospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Pol Arch Intern Med. 2020;130(6):501-505.
Sierpiński, R., Pinkas, J., Jankowski, M., Zgliczyński, W. S., Wierzba, W., Gujski, M., & Szumowski, Ł. (2020). Sex differences in the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders in 1942 nonhospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Polish Archives of Internal Medicine, 130(6), 501-505. https://doi.org/10.20452/pamw.15414
Sierpiński R, et al. Sex Differences in the Frequency of Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Olfactory or Taste Disorders in 1942 Nonhospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Pol Arch Intern Med. 2020 06 25;130(6):501-505. PubMed PMID: 32491298.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sex differences in the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders in 1942 nonhospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). AU - Sierpiński,Radosław, AU - Pinkas,Jarosław, AU - Jankowski,Mateusz, AU - Zgliczyński,Wojciech S, AU - Wierzba,Waldemar, AU - Gujski,Mariusz, AU - Szumowski,Łukasz, Y1 - 2020/06/03/ PY - 2020/6/4/pubmed PY - 2020/7/14/medline PY - 2020/6/4/entrez SP - 501 EP - 505 JF - Polish archives of internal medicine JO - Pol Arch Intern Med VL - 130 IS - 6 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) is a communicable disease caused by a novel coronavirus. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess self‑reported frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders in nonhospitalized patients with COVID‑19 in Poland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross‑sectional survey was conducted between April 17 and 18, 2020, in 4516 nonhospitalized patients with COVID‑19 in Poland. The questionnaire included 8 questions related to the health status, symptoms of COVID‑19, comorbidities, and smoking status. RESULTS: Completed questionnaires were obtained from 1942 patients with COVID‑19 with a response rate of 43%. The median age of the respondents was 50 years; 60.2% were women. Among nonhospitalized patients with COVID‑19, 21.3% had hypertension, 4.5% had diabetes, and 3.1% had a chronic respiratory disease. Regular tobacco use was declared by 11.2% of patients with COVID‑19. At least one gastrointestinal symptom was reported by 53.6% of patients. Almost half of patients (47%) with COVID‑19 reported lack of appetite and 24.2% reported diarrhea. Among 1942 interviewed patients, 54.2% reported at least 1 olfactory or taste disorder and 42.5% reported both alterations. Self‑reported olfactory and taste disorders were 49.2% and 47.5%, respectively. Self‑reported frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders during COVID‑19 was significantly higher (P <0.001) in women than men. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that olfactory and taste disorders are frequent symptoms in patients with mild‑to‑moderate COVID‑19. Moreover, our study indicated sex differences in the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and olfactory or taste disorders among nonhospitalized patients with COVID‑19. SN - 1897-9483 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32491298/Sex_differences_in_the_frequency_of_gastrointestinal_symptoms_and_olfactory_or_taste_disorders_in_1942_nonhospitalized_patients_with_coronavirus_disease_2019__COVID_19__ L2 - http://pamw.pl/en/issue/article/32491298 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -