Age-Dependent Efficacy of Ezetimibe for Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Reduction in Japanese Patients with or without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.J Clin Med. 2020 Jun 01; 9(6)JC
Ezetimibe reduces cardiovascular risk by lowering the levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). However, there is limited information regarding the factors associated with ezetimibe-mediated LDL-C reduction. We investigated the factors associated with LDL-C reduction after ezetimibe administration in Japanese patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This single-center retrospective observational study enrolled a total of 266 consecutive ezetimibe-naïve patients, of which 154 were excluded because of either switching from statin or fenofibrate to ezetimibe (n = 52) or ezetimibe discontinuation (n = 102). Finally, 112 patients were eligible for analysis. To identify the factors influencing LDL-C levels, univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed after 52 weeks of ezetimibe treatment. Overall, advanced age, T2DM, and high baseline LDL-C were significantly associated with a greater decrease in LDL-C levels. In the non-T2DM group, advanced age and high baseline LDL-C were associated with greater decrease in LDL-C levels. In the T2DM group, baseline LDL-C was the only factor that influenced the change in LDL-C levels. Advanced age was significantly associated with higher LDL-C reduction in non-T2DM patients, but not in T2DM patients. Ezetimibe use might be beneficial in older patients without T2DM. The lack of association between age and the LDL-C lowering effect by ezetimibe in patients with T2DM may be due to yet unknown mechanism except low statistical power.