A case with Behçet's disease involving erosive Metacarpophalangeal joint arthritis: the value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of an Erosion.BMC Med Imaging. 2020 Jun 03; 20(1):60.BM
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic multisystemic vasculitis that may emerge with musculoskeletal system involvements, oral-genital recurrent aphthae, mucocutaneous lesions, and ocular symptoms. Arthritis in BD is usually non-erosive and not related to crippling disease. Erosive arthropathy is a very rare manifestation of BD.
Herein, we present a 60-year-old male patient suffering from BD for 33 years with erosive arthritis in his second metacarpophalangeal joint. After we assessed his finger by X-ray, we diagnosed erosive arthropathy quickly by musculoskeletal ultrasonography. In addition, a systematic literature search was performed via the PubMed and Scopus databases using the keywords, 'Behçet's disease [AND] erosive/destructive arthritis'.
Erosive arthritis due to BD can be evaluated by ultrasonography in an easy, fast and cost-effective manner. The literature search between 1985 and December 2019 revealed a total of 19 patients with peripheral erosive arthropathy related to BD and the characteristics of the results are summarized in the paper.