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A New System for Surveillance and Digital Contact Tracing for COVID-19: Spatiotemporal Reporting Over Network and GPS.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2020 06 10; 8(6):e19457.JM

Abstract

The current pandemic of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has highlighted the importance of rapid control of the transmission of infectious diseases. This is particularly important for COVID-19, where many individuals are asymptomatic or have only mild symptoms but can still spread the disease. Current systems for controlling transmission rely on patients to report their symptoms to medical professionals and be able to recall and trace all their contacts from the previous few days. This is unrealistic in the modern world. However, existing smartphone-based GPS and social media technology may provide a suitable alternative. We, therefore, developed a mini-program within the app WeChat. This analyzes data from all users and traces close contacts of all patients. This permits early tracing and quarantine of potential sources of infection. Data from the mini-program can also be merged with other data to predict epidemic trends, calculate individual and population risks, and provide recommendations for individual and population protection action. It may also improve our understanding of how the disease spreads. However, there are a number of unresolved questions about the use of smartphone data for health surveillance, including how to protect individual privacy and provide safeguards against data breaches.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Emergency Medicine, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China. Department of General Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.Department of General Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China. Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32499212

Citation

Wang, Shaoxiong, et al. "A New System for Surveillance and Digital Contact Tracing for COVID-19: Spatiotemporal Reporting Over Network and GPS." JMIR mHealth and UHealth, vol. 8, no. 6, 2020, pp. e19457.
Wang S, Ding S, Xiong L. A New System for Surveillance and Digital Contact Tracing for COVID-19: Spatiotemporal Reporting Over Network and GPS. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2020;8(6):e19457.
Wang, S., Ding, S., & Xiong, L. (2020). A New System for Surveillance and Digital Contact Tracing for COVID-19: Spatiotemporal Reporting Over Network and GPS. JMIR mHealth and UHealth, 8(6), e19457. https://doi.org/10.2196/19457
Wang S, Ding S, Xiong L. A New System for Surveillance and Digital Contact Tracing for COVID-19: Spatiotemporal Reporting Over Network and GPS. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2020 06 10;8(6):e19457. PubMed PMID: 32499212.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A New System for Surveillance and Digital Contact Tracing for COVID-19: Spatiotemporal Reporting Over Network and GPS. AU - Wang,Shaoxiong, AU - Ding,Shuizi, AU - Xiong,Li, Y1 - 2020/06/10/ PY - 2020/04/18/received PY - 2020/06/04/accepted PY - 2020/06/01/revised PY - 2020/6/6/pubmed PY - 2020/6/18/medline PY - 2020/6/6/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - China KW - GPS KW - contact tracing KW - disease tracking KW - infectious disease KW - mobile health KW - mobile phones KW - public health KW - smartphones KW - social media KW - spatiotemporal data KW - virus SP - e19457 EP - e19457 JF - JMIR mHealth and uHealth JO - JMIR Mhealth Uhealth VL - 8 IS - 6 N2 - The current pandemic of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has highlighted the importance of rapid control of the transmission of infectious diseases. This is particularly important for COVID-19, where many individuals are asymptomatic or have only mild symptoms but can still spread the disease. Current systems for controlling transmission rely on patients to report their symptoms to medical professionals and be able to recall and trace all their contacts from the previous few days. This is unrealistic in the modern world. However, existing smartphone-based GPS and social media technology may provide a suitable alternative. We, therefore, developed a mini-program within the app WeChat. This analyzes data from all users and traces close contacts of all patients. This permits early tracing and quarantine of potential sources of infection. Data from the mini-program can also be merged with other data to predict epidemic trends, calculate individual and population risks, and provide recommendations for individual and population protection action. It may also improve our understanding of how the disease spreads. However, there are a number of unresolved questions about the use of smartphone data for health surveillance, including how to protect individual privacy and provide safeguards against data breaches. SN - 2291-5222 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32499212/A_New_System_for_Surveillance_and_Digital_Contact_Tracing_for_COVID-19:_Spatiotemporal_Reporting_Over_Network_and_GPS L2 - https://mhealth.jmir.org/2020/6/e19457/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -