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Wearable Activity Trackers for Monitoring Adherence to Home Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic Worldwide: Data Aggregation and Analysis.
J Med Internet Res. 2020 06 19; 22(6):e19787.JM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In the context of home confinement during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, objective, real-time data are needed to assess populations' adherence to home confinement to adapt policies and control measures accordingly.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to determine whether wearable activity trackers could provide information regarding users' adherence to home confinement policies because of their capacity for seamless and continuous monitoring of individuals' natural activity patterns regardless of their location.

METHODS

We analyzed big data from individuals using activity trackers (Withings) that count the wearer's average daily number of steps in a number of representative nations that adopted different modalities of restriction of citizens' activities.

RESULTS

Data on the number of steps per day from over 740,000 individuals around the world were analyzed. We demonstrate the physical activity patterns in several representative countries with total, partial, or no home confinement. The decrease in steps per day in regions with strict total home confinement ranged from 25% to 54%. Partial lockdown (characterized by social distancing measures such as school closures, bar and restaurant closures, and cancellation of public meetings but without strict home confinement) does not appear to have a significant impact on people's activity compared to the pre-pandemic period. The absolute level of physical activity under total home confinement in European countries is around twofold that in China. In some countries, such as France and Spain, physical activity started to gradually decrease even before official commitment to lockdown as a result of initial less stringent restriction orders or self-quarantine. However, physical activity began to increase again in the last 2 weeks, suggesting a decrease in compliance with confinement orders.

CONCLUSIONS

Aggregate analysis of activity tracker data with the potential for daily updates can provide information regarding adherence to home confinement policies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

HP2 (Hypoxia and Physio-Pathologies) Laboratory, Inserm (French National Institute of Health and Medical Research) U1042, University Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France. EFCR (Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function) Laboratory, Grenoble Alpes University Hospital, Grenoble, France.Inserm (French National Institute of Health and Medical Research) U970, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. Université de Paris, Paris, France.Withings, Issy les Moulineaux, France.Withings, Issy les Moulineaux, France.Withings, Issy les Moulineaux, France.Hôpital Béclère, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. Université Paris Saclay, Paris, France.Inserm (French National Institute of Health and Medical Research) U970, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32501803

Citation

Pépin, Jean Louis, et al. "Wearable Activity Trackers for Monitoring Adherence to Home Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic Worldwide: Data Aggregation and Analysis." Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 22, no. 6, 2020, pp. e19787.
Pépin JL, Bruno RM, Yang RY, et al. Wearable Activity Trackers for Monitoring Adherence to Home Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic Worldwide: Data Aggregation and Analysis. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(6):e19787.
Pépin, J. L., Bruno, R. M., Yang, R. Y., Vercamer, V., Jouhaud, P., Escourrou, P., & Boutouyrie, P. (2020). Wearable Activity Trackers for Monitoring Adherence to Home Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic Worldwide: Data Aggregation and Analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(6), e19787. https://doi.org/10.2196/19787
Pépin JL, et al. Wearable Activity Trackers for Monitoring Adherence to Home Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic Worldwide: Data Aggregation and Analysis. J Med Internet Res. 2020 06 19;22(6):e19787. PubMed PMID: 32501803.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Wearable Activity Trackers for Monitoring Adherence to Home Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic Worldwide: Data Aggregation and Analysis. AU - Pépin,Jean Louis, AU - Bruno,Rosa Maria, AU - Yang,Rui-Yi, AU - Vercamer,Vincent, AU - Jouhaud,Paul, AU - Escourrou,Pierre, AU - Boutouyrie,Pierre, Y1 - 2020/06/19/ PY - 2020/05/01/received PY - 2020/06/04/accepted PY - 2020/06/03/revised PY - 2020/6/6/pubmed PY - 2020/7/3/medline PY - 2020/6/6/entrez KW - COVID-19 KW - home confinement KW - lockdown KW - monitoring KW - pandemic KW - tracking KW - wearable activity trackers KW - wearables SP - e19787 EP - e19787 JF - Journal of medical Internet research JO - J Med Internet Res VL - 22 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: In the context of home confinement during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, objective, real-time data are needed to assess populations' adherence to home confinement to adapt policies and control measures accordingly. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether wearable activity trackers could provide information regarding users' adherence to home confinement policies because of their capacity for seamless and continuous monitoring of individuals' natural activity patterns regardless of their location. METHODS: We analyzed big data from individuals using activity trackers (Withings) that count the wearer's average daily number of steps in a number of representative nations that adopted different modalities of restriction of citizens' activities. RESULTS: Data on the number of steps per day from over 740,000 individuals around the world were analyzed. We demonstrate the physical activity patterns in several representative countries with total, partial, or no home confinement. The decrease in steps per day in regions with strict total home confinement ranged from 25% to 54%. Partial lockdown (characterized by social distancing measures such as school closures, bar and restaurant closures, and cancellation of public meetings but without strict home confinement) does not appear to have a significant impact on people's activity compared to the pre-pandemic period. The absolute level of physical activity under total home confinement in European countries is around twofold that in China. In some countries, such as France and Spain, physical activity started to gradually decrease even before official commitment to lockdown as a result of initial less stringent restriction orders or self-quarantine. However, physical activity began to increase again in the last 2 weeks, suggesting a decrease in compliance with confinement orders. CONCLUSIONS: Aggregate analysis of activity tracker data with the potential for daily updates can provide information regarding adherence to home confinement policies. SN - 1438-8871 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32501803/Wearable_Activity_Trackers_for_Monitoring_Adherence_to_Home_Confinement_During_the_COVID_19_Pandemic_Worldwide:_Data_Aggregation_and_Analysis_ L2 - https://www.jmir.org/2020/6/e19787/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -