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Occurrence, distribution and composition of microplastics in the sediments of South Andaman beaches.
Mar Pollut Bull. 2020 Jul; 156:111227.MP

Abstract

Herein, we report the prevalence of microplastics in the South Andaman beaches, India. The average microplastic abundance of the eight stations covered along the South Andaman beach was found to be 414.35 ± 87.4 particles per kilogram of beach sediment. Among the stations sampled, Kodiyaghat was found with highest microplastic abundance of 973.3 ± 76.59 particles per kilogram of beach sediment and Burmanullah recorded the lowest number of 161.7 ± 32.51. Microplastic particles of different types, size, color and shape were present in all the eight stations sampled. From the Raman spectral analysis, thirteen different types of polymers were identified. The microplastic pollution may be attributed to improper solid waste management, tourism activities and maritime activities. The present study will help in understanding the prevalence, source and pathway of microplastic particles and their affiliated risk to the fragile marine ecosystem.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, 605014, India.Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, 605014, India.Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, 605014, India.Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, 605014, India.Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, 605014, India; School of Environmental Studies, Cochin University of Science and Technology, 682022, India. Electronic address: devipriyasuja@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32510373

Citation

Patchaiyappan, Arunkumar, et al. "Occurrence, Distribution and Composition of Microplastics in the Sediments of South Andaman Beaches." Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 156, 2020, p. 111227.
Patchaiyappan A, Ahmed SZ, Dowarah K, et al. Occurrence, distribution and composition of microplastics in the sediments of South Andaman beaches. Mar Pollut Bull. 2020;156:111227.
Patchaiyappan, A., Ahmed, S. Z., Dowarah, K., Jayakumar, S., & Devipriya, S. P. (2020). Occurrence, distribution and composition of microplastics in the sediments of South Andaman beaches. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 156, 111227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111227
Patchaiyappan A, et al. Occurrence, Distribution and Composition of Microplastics in the Sediments of South Andaman Beaches. Mar Pollut Bull. 2020;156:111227. PubMed PMID: 32510373.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occurrence, distribution and composition of microplastics in the sediments of South Andaman beaches. AU - Patchaiyappan,Arunkumar, AU - Ahmed,Syed Zaki, AU - Dowarah,Kaushik, AU - Jayakumar,Shanmuganathan, AU - Devipriya,Suja P, Y1 - 2020/05/27/ PY - 2020/03/28/received PY - 2020/04/25/revised PY - 2020/04/25/accepted PY - 2020/6/9/entrez PY - 2020/6/9/pubmed PY - 2020/7/11/medline KW - Microplastics KW - Nile Red KW - Polybutadiene KW - Polypropylene KW - Polystyrene KW - Polyvinylchloride KW - Raman spectroscopy KW - South Andaman SP - 111227 EP - 111227 JF - Marine pollution bulletin JO - Mar. Pollut. Bull. VL - 156 N2 - Herein, we report the prevalence of microplastics in the South Andaman beaches, India. The average microplastic abundance of the eight stations covered along the South Andaman beach was found to be 414.35 ± 87.4 particles per kilogram of beach sediment. Among the stations sampled, Kodiyaghat was found with highest microplastic abundance of 973.3 ± 76.59 particles per kilogram of beach sediment and Burmanullah recorded the lowest number of 161.7 ± 32.51. Microplastic particles of different types, size, color and shape were present in all the eight stations sampled. From the Raman spectral analysis, thirteen different types of polymers were identified. The microplastic pollution may be attributed to improper solid waste management, tourism activities and maritime activities. The present study will help in understanding the prevalence, source and pathway of microplastic particles and their affiliated risk to the fragile marine ecosystem. SN - 1879-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32510373/Occurrence,_distribution_and_composition_of_microplastics_in_the_sediments_of_South_Andaman_beaches L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-326X(20)30345-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -