Metformin Transport in Native MDCK-Wt and MDCK-II Monolayers Unveils Functional Inter-Strains Differences Influencing Drug Permeability.Pharm Res. 2020 Jun 08; 37(7):121.PR
MDCK cells are commonly used to assess drug permeability, but the existence of various strains merits a comparative functional study. Since metformin absorption is largely mediated by transporters and paracellular diffusion, we used it to functionally compare MDCK-wt and MDCK-II.
Uptake, bidirectional transport and efflux experiments were performed using different buffers, pH, and a panel of transporter inhibitors. Relative contributions to total transport in both strains were estimated.
Metformin uptake into MDCK-wt was linear but saturable in MDCK-II. Uptake into MDCK-wt or -II was promoted at pH 5.4 or 8.4, respectively. Quinidine and cimetidine similarly inhibited uptake in both strains. Lopinavir (PMAT specific) at pH 5.4 or pyrimethamine (MATE specific) at pH 8.4 differentially inhibited MDCK-wt or -II, respectively. Transport at pH 7.4 was absorptive regardless of strains, but secretory (MDCK-II) or absorptive (MDCK-wt) at pH 5.4. Efflux was largely basolateral in both strains. While paracellular permeability was similar between strains, total transport was dominated by transporters in MDCK-II or paracellular diffusion in MDCK-wt.
Metformin transport revealed functional differences between MDCK strains. Apical uptake was governed by MATE in MDCK-II or PMAT in MDCK-wt, such that metformin transport was either secretory or absorptive, respectively.