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Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis among women with genitourinary infection and pregnancy-related complications in Tehran: A cross-sectional study.
Int J STD AIDS. 2020 Jul; 31(8):773-780.IJ

Abstract

The present study investigates the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among women with genitourinary infection and pregnancy-related complications in Tehran. It also evaluates the demographic information, symptoms, and sequelae. Endocervical samples were obtained over a period of eight months from 360 women including 180 symptomatic patients and 180 patients with pregnancy-related complications and infertility. CT, NG, and TV were detected in 10.8%, 6.9%, and 8.3% of all patients, respectively. The prevalence of CT, NG, and TV among women in the symptomatic group was 11.1%, 7.2%, and 13.3%, respectively, and among women with pregnancy-related complications and infertility was 10.6%, 6.7%, and 3.3%, respectively. Associations between chlamydia and ectopic pregnancy (p = 0.001), and infertility (p < 0.001) were observed. Abortion (p = 0.008), infertility (p = 0.005), and ectopic pregnancy (p < 0.001) were associated with gonorrhea. Abnormal vaginal discharge (p = 0.02) and vulvar itching (p = 0.02) were associated with trichomoniasis. Overall, the prevalence rates of CT, NG, and TV were high in these patient groups. These high prevalences suggest that screening programs are required to reduce the burden of these sexually transmitted infections and their effects on genitourinary symptoms, pregnancy-related complications, and infertility.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Faculty of Medicine, Centre for Clinical Research, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32517577

Citation

Rajabpour, Mohammadreza, et al. "Chlamydia Trachomatis, Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas Vaginalis Among Women With Genitourinary Infection and Pregnancy-related Complications in Tehran: a Cross-sectional Study." International Journal of STD & AIDS, vol. 31, no. 8, 2020, pp. 773-780.
Rajabpour M, Emamie AD, Pourmand MR, et al. Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis among women with genitourinary infection and pregnancy-related complications in Tehran: A cross-sectional study. Int J STD AIDS. 2020;31(8):773-780.
Rajabpour, M., Emamie, A. D., Pourmand, M. R., Goodarzi, N. N., Asbagh, F. A., & Whiley, D. M. (2020). Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis among women with genitourinary infection and pregnancy-related complications in Tehran: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 31(8), 773-780. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956462420922462
Rajabpour M, et al. Chlamydia Trachomatis, Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas Vaginalis Among Women With Genitourinary Infection and Pregnancy-related Complications in Tehran: a Cross-sectional Study. Int J STD AIDS. 2020;31(8):773-780. PubMed PMID: 32517577.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis among women with genitourinary infection and pregnancy-related complications in Tehran: A cross-sectional study. AU - Rajabpour,Mohammadreza, AU - Emamie,Amir Darb, AU - Pourmand,Mohammad Reza, AU - Goodarzi,Narjes Noori, AU - Asbagh,Firouzeh Akbari, AU - Whiley,David M, Y1 - 2020/06/10/ PY - 2020/6/11/pubmed PY - 2020/6/11/medline PY - 2020/6/11/entrez KW - Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) KW - epidemiology KW - gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) KW - trichomoniasis (Trichomonas vaginalis) SP - 773 EP - 780 JF - International journal of STD & AIDS JO - Int J STD AIDS VL - 31 IS - 8 N2 - The present study investigates the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among women with genitourinary infection and pregnancy-related complications in Tehran. It also evaluates the demographic information, symptoms, and sequelae. Endocervical samples were obtained over a period of eight months from 360 women including 180 symptomatic patients and 180 patients with pregnancy-related complications and infertility. CT, NG, and TV were detected in 10.8%, 6.9%, and 8.3% of all patients, respectively. The prevalence of CT, NG, and TV among women in the symptomatic group was 11.1%, 7.2%, and 13.3%, respectively, and among women with pregnancy-related complications and infertility was 10.6%, 6.7%, and 3.3%, respectively. Associations between chlamydia and ectopic pregnancy (p = 0.001), and infertility (p < 0.001) were observed. Abortion (p = 0.008), infertility (p = 0.005), and ectopic pregnancy (p < 0.001) were associated with gonorrhea. Abnormal vaginal discharge (p = 0.02) and vulvar itching (p = 0.02) were associated with trichomoniasis. Overall, the prevalence rates of CT, NG, and TV were high in these patient groups. These high prevalences suggest that screening programs are required to reduce the burden of these sexually transmitted infections and their effects on genitourinary symptoms, pregnancy-related complications, and infertility. SN - 1758-1052 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32517577/Chlamydia_trachomatis,_Neisseria_gonorrhoeae,_and_Trichomonas_vaginalis_among_women_with_genitourinary_infection_and_pregnancy-related_complications_in_Tehran:_A_cross-sectional_study L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0956462420922462?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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