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Epitypification and re-description of the zombie-ant fungus, Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae).
Fungal Syst Evol. 2018 Jun; 1:13-22.FS

Abstract

The type of Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae, Hypocreales, Ascomycota) is based on an immature specimen collected on an ant in Brazil. The host was identified initially as a leaf-cutting ant (Atta cephalotes, Attini, Myrmicinae). However, a critical examination of the original illustration reveals that the host is the golden carpenter ant, Camponotus sericeiventris (Camponotini, Formicinae). Because the holotype is no longer extant and the original diagnosis lacks critical taxonomic information - specifically, on ascus and ascospore morphology - a new type from Minas Gerais State of south-east Brazil is designated herein. A re-description of the fungus is provided and a new phylogenetic tree of the O. unilateralis clade is presented. It is predicted that many more species of zombie-ant fungi remain to be delimited within the O. unilateralis complex worldwide, on ants of the tribe Camponotini.

Authors+Show Affiliations

CAB International, UK Centre, Egham, Surrey, UK. Departamentos de Entomologia e Fitopatologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Departments of Entomology and Biology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.Departments of Entomology and Biology, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32518897

Citation

Evans, H C., et al. "Epitypification and Re-description of the Zombie-ant Fungus, Ophiocordyceps Unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae)." Fungal Systematics and Evolution, vol. 1, 2018, pp. 13-22.
Evans HC, Araújo JPM, Halfeld VR, et al. Epitypification and re-description of the zombie-ant fungus, Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae). Fungal Syst Evol. 2018;1:13-22.
Evans, H. C., Araújo, J. P. M., Halfeld, V. R., & Hughes, D. P. (2018). Epitypification and re-description of the zombie-ant fungus, Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae). Fungal Systematics and Evolution, 1, 13-22. https://doi.org/10.3114/fuse.2018.01.02
Evans HC, et al. Epitypification and Re-description of the Zombie-ant Fungus, Ophiocordyceps Unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae). Fungal Syst Evol. 2018;1:13-22. PubMed PMID: 32518897.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epitypification and re-description of the zombie-ant fungus, Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae). AU - Evans,H C, AU - Araújo,J P M, AU - Halfeld,V R, AU - Hughes,D P, Y1 - 2017/12/15/ PY - 2020/6/11/entrez PY - 2018/6/1/pubmed PY - 2018/6/1/medline KW - Atlantic rainforest KW - Camponotus sericeiventris KW - Ophiocordyceps KW - carpenter ants KW - epitype KW - phylogeny SP - 13 EP - 22 JF - Fungal systematics and evolution JO - Fungal Syst Evol VL - 1 N2 - The type of Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (Ophiocordycipitaceae, Hypocreales, Ascomycota) is based on an immature specimen collected on an ant in Brazil. The host was identified initially as a leaf-cutting ant (Atta cephalotes, Attini, Myrmicinae). However, a critical examination of the original illustration reveals that the host is the golden carpenter ant, Camponotus sericeiventris (Camponotini, Formicinae). Because the holotype is no longer extant and the original diagnosis lacks critical taxonomic information - specifically, on ascus and ascospore morphology - a new type from Minas Gerais State of south-east Brazil is designated herein. A re-description of the fungus is provided and a new phylogenetic tree of the O. unilateralis clade is presented. It is predicted that many more species of zombie-ant fungi remain to be delimited within the O. unilateralis complex worldwide, on ants of the tribe Camponotini. SN - 2589-3831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32518897/Epitypification_and_re_description_of_the_zombie_ant_fungus_Ophiocordyceps_unilateralis__Ophiocordycipitaceae__ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/32518897/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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