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Effects of a brief multimodal online intervention on the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours through targeting illness representations about skin cancer: a randomized controlled trial.
Psychol Health. 2020 Jun 11 [Online ahead of print]PH

Abstract

Objective:

The incidence of skin cancer can be reduced by increasing sun protective behaviours. Based on the Common-Sense Model and the Intervention Mapping approach, a brief intervention targeting illness representations about skin cancer to increase the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours was developed and evaluated regarding its effectiveness.

Design:

A randomized pre-post control group design with 509 healthy participants (69% women, mean age 39 years).

Main outcome measures:

Changes in illness representations about skin cancer (emotional representations, illness coherence, and prevention control) and the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours, i.e. UV protection and sun avoidance.

Results:

ANCOVAs showed that the intervention increased illness coherence and perceived prevention control as well as the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours. Mediation analyses revealed that the increase in illness coherence and/or perceived prevention control partially mediated the effect of the intervention on the increase of the intention to use UV protection (indirect effects: .02*, .06*) and to avoid sun exposure (indirect effects: .01 ns, .04*).

Conclusion:

The intervention was successful in changing illness representations and thereby increasing the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours. The findings provide evidence for the usefulness of the Common-Sense Model in the context of illness prevention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Socio-Medical Sciences, Erasmus School of Health Policy and Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Hagen, Hagen, Germany.Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Hagen, Hagen, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32524850

Citation

Vollmann, Manja, et al. "Effects of a Brief Multimodal Online Intervention On the Intention to Conduct Sun Protective Behaviours Through Targeting Illness Representations About Skin Cancer: a Randomized Controlled Trial." Psychology & Health, 2020, pp. 1-18.
Vollmann M, Engelhardt G, Salewski C. Effects of a brief multimodal online intervention on the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours through targeting illness representations about skin cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Psychol Health. 2020.
Vollmann, M., Engelhardt, G., & Salewski, C. (2020). Effects of a brief multimodal online intervention on the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours through targeting illness representations about skin cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Psychology & Health, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2020.1775831
Vollmann M, Engelhardt G, Salewski C. Effects of a Brief Multimodal Online Intervention On the Intention to Conduct Sun Protective Behaviours Through Targeting Illness Representations About Skin Cancer: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Psychol Health. 2020 Jun 11;1-18. PubMed PMID: 32524850.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of a brief multimodal online intervention on the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours through targeting illness representations about skin cancer: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Vollmann,Manja, AU - Engelhardt,Gabriela, AU - Salewski,Christel, Y1 - 2020/06/11/ PY - 2020/6/12/entrez KW - Common-Sense Model (CSM) of self-regulation KW - Intervention Mapping KW - illness representations KW - skin cancer KW - sun protective behaviours SP - 1 EP - 18 JF - Psychology & health JO - Psychol Health N2 - Objective: The incidence of skin cancer can be reduced by increasing sun protective behaviours. Based on the Common-Sense Model and the Intervention Mapping approach, a brief intervention targeting illness representations about skin cancer to increase the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours was developed and evaluated regarding its effectiveness.Design: A randomized pre-post control group design with 509 healthy participants (69% women, mean age 39 years).Main outcome measures: Changes in illness representations about skin cancer (emotional representations, illness coherence, and prevention control) and the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours, i.e. UV protection and sun avoidance.Results: ANCOVAs showed that the intervention increased illness coherence and perceived prevention control as well as the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours. Mediation analyses revealed that the increase in illness coherence and/or perceived prevention control partially mediated the effect of the intervention on the increase of the intention to use UV protection (indirect effects: .02*, .06*) and to avoid sun exposure (indirect effects: .01 ns, .04*).Conclusion: The intervention was successful in changing illness representations and thereby increasing the intention to conduct sun protective behaviours. The findings provide evidence for the usefulness of the Common-Sense Model in the context of illness prevention. SN - 1476-8321 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32524850/Effects_of_a_brief_multimodal_online_intervention_on_the_intention_to_conduct_sun_protective_behaviours_through_targeting_illness_representations_about_skin_cancer:_a_randomized_controlled_trial L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08870446.2020.1775831 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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