Evolution of patients with and without preoperative stress urinary incontinence after surgical cystocele repair by mesh implantation using a vaginal approach.Prog Urol. 2020 Jun 11 [Online ahead of print]PU
To review the short-term evolution of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after Uphold™ LITE mesh implantation for genital prolapse repair.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Retrospective, descriptive, single centre study of women undergoing genital prolapse surgery with Uphold™ LITE mesh insertion between July 2016 and April 2019. Pre-, peri- and 1-year postoperative follow-up data were collected.
Thirty-six women were included (mean age: 72±7years). Most patients (75%) had grade III cystocele and three (8.3%) had recurrent prolapse. Mean operative time was 41±12min. During surgery, no visceral injury or haemorrhagic complications were noted but there were three intraoperative bladder injuries (8.3%). Twelve patients (33.3%) had preoperative SUI, half of which (n=6; 50%) responded to prolapse repair. De novo SUI was noted in 6/24 (25%) patients. The risk of having persistent postoperative SUI was 50% in patients with preoperative SUI, and the risk of developing de novo postoperative SUI was 25% in patients without preoperative SUI. Thus, patients with preoperative SUI were twice as likely to have persistent postoperative SUI as those without preoperative SUI (RR=2.0 [95% CI: 0.8175-4.8928]; P=0.128). Five patients with de novo SUI and three patients with persistent postoperative SUI were subsequently treated with insertion of a mid-urethral sling (MUS). The other patients improved with physiotherapy.
Risk of persistent SUI after implantation of an Uphold™ LITE mesh is higher in patients with preoperative SUI. Surgical correction with a MUS can be offered in cases of de novo SUI before or after physiotherapy.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE