Involvement of CYP2D6 and CYP2B6 on tramadol pharmacokinetics.Pharmacogenomics. 2020 Jul; 21(10):663-675.P
This study included 24 healthy volunteers who received a single 37.5 mg oral dose of tramadol. We analyzed 18 polymorphisms within CYP2D6, CYP2B6, CYP3A, COMT, ABCB1, SLC22A1 and OPRM1 genes by quantitative PCR, to study whether these polymorphisms affect its pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety. CYP2D6 intermediate metabolizers (n = 6) showed higher tramadol plasma concentrations and lower clearance compared with normal and ultrarapid metabolizers. CYP2B6 G516T T/T (n = 2) genotype was also associated to higher tramadol plasma levels. No other polymorphism affected tramadol pharmacokinetics. Three volunteers experienced a prolonged QTc not associated with the genetic variants studied or altered phamacokinetic parameters. The correlation of CYP2B6 genotype with higher tramadol concentrations is remarkable since its influence on its elimination is also relevant and has been less studied to date. However, given our small sample size, it is important to interpret our results with caution.