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Accidental Overdose Deaths in Oklahoma, 2002-2017: Opioid and Methamphetamine Trends.
J Anal Toxicol. 2020 Oct 12; 44(7):672-678.JA

Abstract

To evaluate trends related to accidental overdose deaths in Oklahoma, with a focus on opioids and methamphetamine. All accidental drug overdose deaths in the state of Oklahoma from 2002 to 2017 were reviewed. Opioids were grouped into the following categories: all opioids, prescription opioids, synthetic opioids and heroin. Age-adjusted death rates for methamphetamine and each opioid category were calculated and analyzed. Accidental overdoses accounted for 9,936 deaths during the study period. Of these, opioids were seen in 62.9%, with prescription opioids comprising 53.8%, synthetic opioids 10.3% and heroin 2.8%. Synthetic opioids, despite a recent upward nationwide trend, showed a slight overall decrease (-6.8%) from 2009 to 2017. In contrast, methamphetamine showed a 402.2% increase from 2009 to 2017 and an overall increase of 1,526.7%. Methamphetamine was involved in the most overdoses (1,963), followed by oxycodone (1,724). Opioid-related deaths were most common among white individuals (90.3%) and showed a slight male predilection (56.9%). With the intent of assessing the opioid epidemic as it relates to accidental overdoses in Oklahoma, this study suggests that opioid-related overdoses have slowed in recent years amidst a sharp increase in methamphetamine deaths.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences 1111 W. 17th Street Tulsa, OK 74107.Office of the Chief Medical Examiner-Pathology Department 1115 W. 17th Street Tulsa, OK 74107.Office of the Chief Medical Examiner-Pathology Department 1115 W. 17th Street Tulsa, OK 74107.Office of the Chief Medical Examiner-Pathology Department 1115 W. 17th Street Tulsa, OK 74107.Office of the Chief Medical Examiner-Pathology Department 1115 W. 17th Street Tulsa, OK 74107.Office of the Chief Medical Examiner-Pathology Department 1115 W. 17th Street Tulsa, OK 74107.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32542332

Citation

Bonk, Rachel, et al. "Accidental Overdose Deaths in Oklahoma, 2002-2017: Opioid and Methamphetamine Trends." Journal of Analytical Toxicology, vol. 44, no. 7, 2020, pp. 672-678.
Bonk R, Miller RJ, Lanter J, et al. Accidental Overdose Deaths in Oklahoma, 2002-2017: Opioid and Methamphetamine Trends. J Anal Toxicol. 2020;44(7):672-678.
Bonk, R., Miller, R. J., Lanter, J., Niblo, C., Kemp, J., & Shelton, J. (2020). Accidental Overdose Deaths in Oklahoma, 2002-2017: Opioid and Methamphetamine Trends. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 44(7), 672-678. https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/bkaa068
Bonk R, et al. Accidental Overdose Deaths in Oklahoma, 2002-2017: Opioid and Methamphetamine Trends. J Anal Toxicol. 2020 Oct 12;44(7):672-678. PubMed PMID: 32542332.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Accidental Overdose Deaths in Oklahoma, 2002-2017: Opioid and Methamphetamine Trends. AU - Bonk,Rachel, AU - Miller,Ross J, AU - Lanter,Joshua, AU - Niblo,Cheryl, AU - Kemp,Jesse, AU - Shelton,Jeremy, PY - 2020/6/17/pubmed PY - 2020/10/21/medline PY - 2020/6/17/entrez SP - 672 EP - 678 JF - Journal of analytical toxicology JO - J Anal Toxicol VL - 44 IS - 7 N2 - To evaluate trends related to accidental overdose deaths in Oklahoma, with a focus on opioids and methamphetamine. All accidental drug overdose deaths in the state of Oklahoma from 2002 to 2017 were reviewed. Opioids were grouped into the following categories: all opioids, prescription opioids, synthetic opioids and heroin. Age-adjusted death rates for methamphetamine and each opioid category were calculated and analyzed. Accidental overdoses accounted for 9,936 deaths during the study period. Of these, opioids were seen in 62.9%, with prescription opioids comprising 53.8%, synthetic opioids 10.3% and heroin 2.8%. Synthetic opioids, despite a recent upward nationwide trend, showed a slight overall decrease (-6.8%) from 2009 to 2017. In contrast, methamphetamine showed a 402.2% increase from 2009 to 2017 and an overall increase of 1,526.7%. Methamphetamine was involved in the most overdoses (1,963), followed by oxycodone (1,724). Opioid-related deaths were most common among white individuals (90.3%) and showed a slight male predilection (56.9%). With the intent of assessing the opioid epidemic as it relates to accidental overdoses in Oklahoma, this study suggests that opioid-related overdoses have slowed in recent years amidst a sharp increase in methamphetamine deaths. SN - 1945-2403 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32542332/Accidental_Overdose_Deaths_in_Oklahoma_2002_2017:_Opioid_and_Methamphetamine_Trends_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jat/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jat/bkaa068 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -