Arsenic Trioxide, Itraconazole, All-Trans Retinoic Acid and Nicotinamide: A Proof of Concept for Combined Treatments with Hedgehog Inhibitors in Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma.Biomedicines. 2020 Jun 11; 8(6)B
The treatment of advanced basal cell carcinoma has seen a progressive evolution in recent years following the introduction of Hedgehog pathway inhibitors. However, given the burden of mutations in the tumor microenvironment and lack of knowledge for the follow-up of advanced basal cell carcinoma, we are proposing a possible synergistic therapeutic application. Our aim is to underline the use of arsenic trioxide, itraconazole, all-trans-retinoic acid and nicotinamide as possible adjuvant therapies either in advanced not responding basal cell carcinoma or during follow-up based on Hedgehog pathway. We have analyzed the rational use of these drugs as a pivotal point to block neoplasm progression, modulate epigenetic modification and prevent recurrences.