Albendazole solid dispersions prepared using PEG6000 and Poloxamer188: formulation, characterization and in vivo evaluation.Pharm Dev Technol. 2020 Jul 03 [Online ahead of print]PD
This study aimed to optimize the preparation process of albendazole (ABZ) solid dispersion (SD) and enhance its dissolution rate and oral bioavailability in dogs. The ABZ-SD formulations were prepared by a fusion method with ABZ and polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000), poloxamer 188 (P 188) polymers at various weight ratios or the combination of PEG 6000&P 188. The characterizations of the optimal formulations were performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), in vitro dissolution test and molecular docking. The in vivo pharmacokinetic study was conducted in beagle dogs. As a result, ABZ solid dispersion based on PEG 6000&P 188 (1:2) was successfully prepared. The ABZ-SD formulation could significantly improve the apparent solubility and dissolution rate of ABZ compared with commercial tablets. Furthermore, the water solubility of ABZ-SD was improved mainly based on hydrogen bond association. Besides, at an oral dosage of 15 mg/kg ABZ, the SDs had higher Cmax values and areas under the curve (AUCs) compared to those of commercial ABZ tablets. Preparation of ABZ-loaded SDs by PEG 6000&P 188 is a promising strategy to improve the oral bioavailability of ABZ.