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What Are We Missing? How Language Impacts Trauma Narratives.
J Child Adolesc Trauma. 2020 Jun; 13(2):153-161.JC

Abstract

The potential for the development of psychopathology in aolescent refugees and asylees is high due to the trauma inherent in their experience. Yet, psychopathology rooted in trauma has proven amenable to treatment. Nonetheless, as most clinicians are monolingual, the language difference between clinician and client may be a barrier of desensitization and processing typically characteristic of trauma therapy. Thus, this study aimed to describe qualitative differences in speech production among native and non-native narratives using Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) processing software (Pennebaker et al. 2015) to understand if the current best practice will function similarly in these populations. We compared 10 adolescent immigrants (50% male) who narrated events that provoked their migration to the U.S. in their second language (L2; i.e., English) to 10 age- and gender-matched adolescents narrating in their first language (L1; i.e., Spanish). Results revealed L1 narratives were significantly higher in their use of/talk about anger, cognitive processes, discrepancy, tentativeness, perceptual processes, ingestion, relativity, time, work, and home. L2 narratives were higher in their use of/talk about positive emotions, death, causation, health, motion, space, and fillers. Findings have implications for the efficacy of treatments using discourse to ameliorate symptoms related to trauma in non-native languages.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Sam Houston State University, Campus Box 2447, Huntsville, TX 77341 USA.Department of Psychology, Sam Houston State University, Campus Box 2447, Huntsville, TX 77341 USA.Department of Psychology, Sam Houston State University, Campus Box 2447, Huntsville, TX 77341 USA.Department of Psychology, Sam Houston State University, Campus Box 2447, Huntsville, TX 77341 USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

32549927

Citation

Bailey, Cassandra, et al. "What Are We Missing? How Language Impacts Trauma Narratives." Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, vol. 13, no. 2, 2020, pp. 153-161.
Bailey C, McIntyre E, Arreola A, et al. What Are We Missing? How Language Impacts Trauma Narratives. J Child Adolesc Trauma. 2020;13(2):153-161.
Bailey, C., McIntyre, E., Arreola, A., & Venta, A. (2020). What Are We Missing? How Language Impacts Trauma Narratives. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 13(2), 153-161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40653-019-00263-3
Bailey C, et al. What Are We Missing? How Language Impacts Trauma Narratives. J Child Adolesc Trauma. 2020;13(2):153-161. PubMed PMID: 32549927.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - What Are We Missing? How Language Impacts Trauma Narratives. AU - Bailey,Cassandra, AU - McIntyre,Emily, AU - Arreola,Aleyda, AU - Venta,Amanda, Y1 - 2019/06/11/ PY - 2021/06/01/pmc-release PY - 2020/6/19/entrez PY - 2020/6/19/pubmed PY - 2020/6/19/medline KW - Asylee KW - Latinx KW - Refugee KW - Spanish KW - Trauma SP - 153 EP - 161 JF - Journal of child & adolescent trauma JO - J Child Adolesc Trauma VL - 13 IS - 2 N2 - The potential for the development of psychopathology in aolescent refugees and asylees is high due to the trauma inherent in their experience. Yet, psychopathology rooted in trauma has proven amenable to treatment. Nonetheless, as most clinicians are monolingual, the language difference between clinician and client may be a barrier of desensitization and processing typically characteristic of trauma therapy. Thus, this study aimed to describe qualitative differences in speech production among native and non-native narratives using Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) processing software (Pennebaker et al. 2015) to understand if the current best practice will function similarly in these populations. We compared 10 adolescent immigrants (50% male) who narrated events that provoked their migration to the U.S. in their second language (L2; i.e., English) to 10 age- and gender-matched adolescents narrating in their first language (L1; i.e., Spanish). Results revealed L1 narratives were significantly higher in their use of/talk about anger, cognitive processes, discrepancy, tentativeness, perceptual processes, ingestion, relativity, time, work, and home. L2 narratives were higher in their use of/talk about positive emotions, death, causation, health, motion, space, and fillers. Findings have implications for the efficacy of treatments using discourse to ameliorate symptoms related to trauma in non-native languages. SN - 1936-1521 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/32549927/What_Are_We_Missing_How_Language_Impacts_Trauma_Narratives DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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